C228 Task 2 Western Governors University Identification and description of the Communicable Disease Outbreak Tubercle Bacillus or otherwise known as Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is believed to have been in existence for 15 to 20 thousand years and since record keeping began, has caused the death of humans for at least 5,000 years. TB found its way to the Americas very early and was known to be present there around 100 AD. In its early years on this earth it was called the “consumption” or ‘phthisis” by the ancient Greeks (“Why Tuberculosis was called “Consumptionn”, “ n.d.). It was known by this name because of its wasting or consuming of the person it had infected. The patient would continue to lose weight and almost waste away to nothing until they died.
In just six months the plague spread throughout mainland Italy. In January 1348, the Black Death had moved north to France and killed about one third of France’s population in a matter of months. The first case of the bubonic plague in England was in September of 1348. From England, the plague spread across the British Isles to Scotland and Ireland. The Black Death killed about 40% of the population of the British Isles before the epidemic ended.
Community Health Assessment HS 159, Spring 2009 SJSU March 23, 2009 Gurpreet Bola RUNNING HEAD: ELDER ABUSE IN CALIFORNIA Introduction/ Epidemiological Analysis Every year tens and thousands of the elderly Americans face abuse. Abuse takes place in various different forms such as physical, emotional, financial, sexual, neglect, abandonment, and self-neglect. Elder abuse may be a broad term; however it captures many different problems within itself. Elderly abuse can be defined as a “careless act that causes harm or serious risk of harm to an older person” (National Centers for Elder Abuse). Approximately 1.6 million people are in nursing homes in the United States, and another 1 million people reside in residential care facilities.
It was decided that with the cost of 75 million, they would expand the hospital to 248 beds. With a board of seven members, it was decided that Donald Dale will be the CEO in the meantime while they found a permanent person. This was after the loss of one of the executives which had an illness and it affected her work. The hospital was losing money. Donald Dale took on the job and decided to partner up with the human resource director, Louise Ogbonna.
Small Sacrifices Susan Smith is a name that people recognize in conjunction with the murder of her two young sons. She claimed that on October 17th 1994, a young black man carjacked her car with her children still in the back seat. Unfortunately, her vehicle was pulled from the local lake and the bodies of her two young children were still in the backseat. Ten years earlier, another mother by the name of Diane Downs, was driving home from a friends, when supposedly a young white man shot her three children killing one, wounding the other two before she was shot and was able to get away. Small Sacrifices On May 19th 1983, Diane Downs a divorced mother of three, drove to a near by emergency room , were the emergency staff found her three young children shot.
Evan Marshall was 31-years-old when he committed the murder. He lived in his parents’ in a gated community. He murdered and dismembered the body of retired teacher who lived across the street. He did not know the victim. The disappearance of Denise Fox, age 57, was first noticed by her daughter who found the back sliding door broken and blood on the floor when she returned home.
Holden narrates that he smashed windows of the garage and cars, and he literally lost it. His family was also trying to get him psychoanalyzed because of his actions. After leaving Mr. Antolinin’s house, Holden goes to the train station. He reads a magazine over there and says, “The magazine said that if you had any sores in your mouth that didn’t heal pretty quickly, it was a sign that you probably had cancer. I’d had this sore on my the inside of my lip for about two weeks.
CASE STUDY ONE “DAX” Presenting Ethical Dilemma: In 1973, Donald Cowart (“Dax”), age 25, was severely burned in a propane gas explosion. Rushed to the burn treatment unit of Parkland Hospital in Dallas, he was found to have severe burns over 65 percent of his body; his face and hands suffered third degree burns, and his eyes were severely damaged. Full burn therapy was instituted. After an initial period during which his survival was in doubt, he stabilized and underwent amputation of several fingers and removal of his right eye. During much of his 232-day hospitalization at Parkland, his few weeks at Texas Institute of Rehabilitation and Research at Houston, and his subsequent 6-month stay at University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, he insisted that treatment be discontinued and that he be allowed to die.
Matthew Shepard died October 12, 1998 at 12:53 a.m. after spending five days in a comma due to massive injuries and head trauma. The evidences Chasity Vera Pasley (20) and Krista Lean Price (18), the suspect’s girlfriends, hid the bloody shoes of Henderson and provided the suspects with alibis. Shepard’s shoes, coat and credit card were found in McKinney’s pick-up truck; his wallet was found in McKinney’s home. A .357 Magnum was also found in McKinney’s home. The trial of the case : “Gay panic” defence Aaron McKinney alleged that Shepard had made a pass at him was sufficient grounds to justify joining with friend Russell Henderson in savagely beating Shepard, clubbing him with a handgun, lashing him to a wooden fence and leaving him to die.
Bryan Calvin Hartnell, 20 and Cecelia Ann Shepard, 22 were stabbed on September 27, 1969 at Lake Berryessa in Napa County. Hartnell survived eight stab wounds to the back but Shepard died as a result of her injuries on September 29, 1969. Paul Lee Stine 29 were shot and killed on October 11, 1969 in the Presidio Heights neighborhood in San Francisco. On August 1, 1969, three letters prepared by the killer were received at the Vallejo Times-Herald, the San Francisco Chronicle, and the San Francisco Examiner. Each letter also included one-third of a 408-symbol cryptogram which the killer claimed contained his identity.