North Carolina Indian Heritage

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North Carolina Indian Heritage Long before the first Thanksgiving dinner in 1621 the Native Americans were already well settled in North America. By the time the ships carrying the early settlers arrived in Plymouth, Native Americans had inhabited the southeastern United States for over one hundred years. In fact, North Carolina has a long history of Native Americans. By the 1500s nearly 50,000 American Indians lived in North Carolina. Three of the main nations in North Carolina were the Cherokee, Catawba and Tuscarora. They shared a common history and some of the same customs and traditions. For the most part though, the tribes were distinct and independent of the others. While Native Americans are usually seen as one entity, each tribe…show more content…
This act was a move to push Native Americans off of their homeland in order for white men to take it over. In the late fall of 1838 federal troops moved into the Cherokee Nation and forced their removal. They were placed in stockades and eventually forced to march to new land that awaited them in Oklahoma. Native Americans were not given a choice in the matter. They were taken from their homes, with little or no belongings and very little clothing. 22,000 men, women and children were forced from their homes. Over 5,000 died while trying to make it to…show more content…
When the white man invaded our country, Tuscarora land extended from near the Atlantic seacoast clear inland to the Appalachian Mountains. Our hunters ranged even further: the hunting lands extended into South Carolina and Virginia and even as far as Pennsylvania sometimes. Thousands of Tuscarora people lived there then, in North Carolina. There were larger and smaller settlements, ringed around by cornfields. The larger settlements were called 'towns' by the white men when they saw them. The villages and towns were made up of long houses... The Tuscarora Nation became the sixth member after the Christians pushed them out of their homeland in the early 1700s. Since 1722 the Confederacy has been known as the League of the Six Nations of the Iroquois." The Tuscarora suffered greatly at the hands of the European settlers. They were devastated by disease. In addition the settlers often kidnapped Tuscarora children and sold them as slaves. Numerous wars with the English and other Indian Nations reduced the lands of the Tuscarora and their population. During a serious war in 1710 to 1713 the Tuscarora finally began leaving their homeland. They searched for a new home. For a time, the Tuscarora found peace and built new homes. The American Revolution brought more war and loss for the Iroquois. Most Tuscarora joined the Oneidas and supported the American cause against the

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