Anglo-Saxon Religion Historically, religion has played a huge role in every major civilization. The Anglo-Saxons are no different. Their religious history is an interesting one because they were both pagan and Christian. It can be clearly seen in the course of England’s history just how important religion was to the stability and unification of the many scattered kingdoms in Britain. Eric John, the author of Reassessing Anglo-Saxon England, tells us that the Anglo-Saxons were pagans for the first two centuries that they were in England.
The Old Norse Religion or Norse Paganism were practised traditions by the Norsemen prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia, dating as far back to roughly 793-1066 CE. This religion was separated, and categorized into three different families; the Æsir, Vanir and Jotnar; these were all polytheistic groups. The Æsir tribe contained some of the best-known Norse Gods and goddesses such as Odin, Thor, Frigg, Tyr, Loki, Baldur, Heimdall, Idun, and Bragi1. These Gods represented kingship, order, craft, etc. The Vanir were Gods and Goddesses such as Freya, Freyr, Njord and the Germanic Goddess Nerthus.
Both pagan and Christian elements are mentioned throughout Beowulf. As Beowulf says “the wise God, The holy Lord, on whatever hand May the glory adjudge” (Beowulf 686) shows a change in the gods from what people worship before. He believes in the only God who would decide his fate. This faith in one God differs from the pagan beliefs of earlier times. Another proof for the CHritian conversion is that Grendel and his mother are both described as descendants of Cain.
The overview of the article, The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st Century by Dr. Terry Mortenson, is the differing views between the Old-Earth and New-Earth beliefs. The main points given were that there were three views in the early 19th century: Catastrophists, Uniformitarians and scriptural geologists. “Catastrophists believed that several major floods destroyed a large percentage of living creatures and God replaced them with new living beings. Uniformitarians believed that all geological change happened at the same rate, intensity and power over history. And scriptural geologists believe in the biblical account of a literal six-day creation of all things by God, followed by a global flood which created that geological record.” (Mortenson) The strengths in the article are the differing views presented by various scientists and non-scientists both Christian and non-Christian based.
- Intermingled Elements in the poem Religion plays a major role in the building process of the Medieval Epic poem Beowulf due to the circumstances connected to the poem's origin and occurrence. The story was composed at the same time of England conversion into Christianity and the story-telling which occurred in late Anglo-Saxon Britain when it has recently been Christianized is dealing with an early medieval Scandinavian pagan story. The poem-composer balances the tone of the poem by making it neither specifically Christian nor pagan throughout either combining direct references of paganism to ones of the Old Testament; Recalling/ The Almighty making of the earth, shaping/ These beautiful plains marked off by oceans,/ Then proudly setting the sun and moon/ To glow across the land and light it;/...made quick with life, with each/ Of the nations who now move on its face.1 or by making references to doctrines of God without discussing Jesus even once; as a result, the poem is a mixture of two ideals: pagan heroic warrior, and humble selfless Christian. Beowulf would have been pagan, this is a fact, yet the poet still can suggest that his hero's faith is of Christian context. The materials of the story were influenced to a considerable extent by Christian-originating ideas which made the poem subject of various interpretations, yet the poet achieved the balance he attained for his poem by avoiding clashes between Christianity and Paganism by intermingling Germanic pagan tradition which agrees or at least does not controvert Christianity except in few places, like the giants who are honored by one and contemned by the other.
Introduction In the article, The Origin of Old-Earth Geology and its Ramifications for Life in the 21st century, Dr. Terry Mortenson tries to explain the relationship between science and Christianity, specifically the idea of an old earth, which developed in the early 19th century. The introduction of the “old earth” has created quite a debate since then, and is a very interesting topic in the history of science. Along with old earth idea is the idea of evolution, which is believed by many scientists and other people. In the article, Dr. Mortenson discusses several theories about the history of creation, four important scriptural geologists, and what impact this 19th century debate has on culture today. Brief Overview & Main Points Dr. Mortenson begins by explaining the dominant view before the 19th century, which was that God had created the earth in six 24-hour days about 400 B.C.
 They are often set in a dim and nonspecific past that historian of religion Mircea Eliade termed in illo tempore ("at that time").  Creation myths address questions deeply meaningful to the society that shares them, revealing their central worldview and the framework for the self-identity of the culture and individual in a universal context.  Creation myths develop in oral traditions and therefore typically have multiple versions and are the most common form of myth, found throughout human
The Natural and the Supernatural Kiowa The Way to Rainy Mountain, a collection of mythos and generation focuses on Momaday and how he traces his ancestral roots back to the beginning of the Kiowa tribe. The collection concentrates on a series of oral stories from Kiowa tradition written down, where the stories link together and narrate the entire life from begginning to the end of the Kiowa tribe. The oral stories that are passed down involve many supernatural and natural instances. In many myths, supernatural instances , or a force beyond scientific understanding, are very common to see. By definition, anything that exists naturally is not supernatural.
These myths do exactly what their title insinuates, explains the creation of the cosmos and life. This paper will examine two creation myths from two different cultures, Norse Mythology and Genesis Mythology. This paper will compare and contrast many different aspects of both of these myths including the various worlds, the creators, and the importance of the myths in culture. Norse Mythology and Genesis: An Overview The Norse creation myth is the combination of various types of creation including secretion, sacrifice, and accretion/ conjunction myths. Norse mythology explains the beginning of life coming from burning ice and biting flame (Leonard & McClure, 2004).
It was around the 800’s (year 793) that the Norse raiders first came in contact with the Western Europe and attacked a monastery at Lindisfarne which off the coast of England. They continued to raid the British isles, and managed to conquer and essentially control the whole eastern side of England around the year 878, especially an area called Danelaw when King Alfred made an agreement with the Norsemen raiders in the year 886, which basically enabled them to live in the north-east third of England. The Vikings spoke in Old Norse and the Anglo-Saxons spoke and wrote in old English. One of the reasons why they were able to communicate with each other during that time and why English was affected by Old Norse was because both languages originated from the same Proto-Germanic language. The Vikings and Anglo-Saxons learned to live coexisting together and continued to do so for centuries, this resulted in numerous surnames, general words and names of English places that originated from Scandinavia.