Normative Development Essay

2475 Words10 Pages
Given that we all experience our lives differently, can normative development exist? This essay sets out to explain that normative development does exist and is a very useful model in tracking human development. The works of Freud, Erikson, Bronfenbrenner, and Gottlieb have been selected for this purpose because of the robustness and sustainability of their arguments. Issues of interrupted development and the role of genetics and environmental issues will be discussed and explored as they can at times derail normative development for some people. Freud and Eriksson believe normative development does exist whilst Bronfenbrenner and Gottlieb believe environmental issues play a major role in influencing development and these issues can interrupt normative development causing the child to fall behind what is considered normal for their age. Normative development concerns the typical (normal) capabilities, as well as limitations, of humans of a given age within a given cultural group (Sigelman & Rider, 2012). It indicates a typical range of what can be expected at a nominated time. These are generally referred to as developmental milestones to indicate steps in certain abilities that should be reflected at different ages, as determined by supporting research. In this way, normative development is important because it allows us to understand what to expect at different ages (Sigelman & Rider, 2012). Normative development is based on scientific data of what is normal in development based on different theories, such as Freud and other famous theorists, yet it in itself is not an exact science as different theorists have different understandings of what they see normal development to be. These theories help doctors, teachers, parents and health professional get an understanding of what is normal development with children through
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