The three therapies were discussed and ranked in order of effectiveness in regards to Gloria. The evolution of these theories and their merits are also discussed. When used properly each of these theories can be useful in their own different way. This will depend on the personality of the client as well as the magnitude of their problem. In this review of the Three Psychotherapies that were implemented in the Gloria Tapes it is apparent how different the three approaches are even though they are all considered psychotherapy.
For a classification system to be useful it needs to be reliable. One problem is that of differential diagnosis, Bhui et al suggested symptoms of different mental disorders often overlap, exhibiting some symptoms of schizophrenia, e.g. major depressive disorder and schizophrenia both involve low levels of motivation. Therefore suggesting that there is no sharp dividing line between individuals with schizophrenia and those not suffering from the condition. Additionally, the existence of a disorder called Schizotypal personality disorder means that it is sometimes difficult to decide if a person has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder further reducing the reliability with which schizophrenia is diagnosed.
Personality Disorders Discuss the problems related with identifying and diagnosing Borderline Personality Disorder Introduction The term “borderline” means in-between things. Originally, this term was used when the clinician was unsure of the correct personality disorder diagnosis, because the patient manifested a mixture of neurotic and psychotic symptoms. Today there is a hopeful prognosis, but there are still a lot of questions to be answered and things to be learned about Borderline Personality Disorder. What is Borderline Personality Disorder? Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a serious psychiatric disorder that is difficult to treat, because of poor patient response and because of the trouble caused to the therapist and the treatment team.
Unfamiliar is not the same as abnormal, distinction between these two is vital to understanding psychopathology and those affected by mental illness. As abnormal psychology evolves and progresses in treatments, therapies, and research the central theme of the six core concepts continues to guide researcher. These six concepts define and provide understanding of abnormality. The concepts also illustrate the range between normal and abnormal behavior of individuals experiencing personality disorders. Another concept is studying cultural and historical relativism in defining and classifying abnormality in relation to environment.
Although both have something to offer neither can claim full victory over truth. It is a delicate balance of the holistic and the sectional concepts that constitute the whole brain affect in cognitive psychology (Gutierrez & Ormsby, 2010). One of the earliest concepts of cognitive concepts was found in the science of phrenology. Phrenology stated that there were specific areas of the brain that directly related to personality traits and cognitive ability. This concept although well intentioned and closer to the truth than originally thought failed to stand up to the
Part A Compare and contrast how the person-centred and psychodynamic models of counselling understand the person, and how the two approaches explain psychological distress experienced by individuals. Counselling means different things to different people, the majority of people see it as their only option when things are not going as they planned and chose the model that they feel suits them best. There are three main models of counselling; Psychodynamic, Cognitive behavioural and person-centred. In this essay I will examine the similarities and differences between the psychodynamic and person-centred approach. The psychodynamic approach to counselling is based on the psychoanalytic theories and practice of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), (McLeod, 2008a).
So people with disorders or phobias are abnormal because they act in way that are contrast to what is normal. But what is the mental state behind how they act. Physical illnesses, disruptions or imbalances in the body processes and genetic influence.The purpose for diagnosing is to
The insanity defense in criminal trials are claims that the offender should not be held responsible for their actions due to a mental illness. Their argument is that they shouldn't be given the full criminal punishment for crimes committed, because the actions were committed during a time of a mental health episode. The defendant claiming insanity is required to undergo a mental evaluation, and if they are found not guilty by the reason of insanity, the defendant is usually committed to a psychiatric facility, instead of a prison. Which diagnosis the defendant has is not as important as to how it affected their capability to carry out the crime (Reid, 2000). The “insanity plea” raises several issues, and is one of the most misunderstood
Standard E.5.c. ("Historical and Social Prejudices in the Diagnosis of Pathology") requires that "counselors recognize historical and social prejudices in the misdiagnosis and pathologizing of certain individuals and groups and the role of mental health professionals in perpetuating these prejudices through diagnosis and treatment." Historically, the mental health professions viewed homosexuality as a mental disorder. But in 1973, homosexuality was removed as a mental disorder from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Within various religious and cultural communities, however, same-sex attractions and behaviors are still viewed as pathological.
The criteria for diagnosing DSPD follow the characteristics of the symptoms as well as the inability to follow social norms. Psychopathy is similar to ASPD and DSPD however the traits include deceitful and arrogant tendencies. The trait of deficient affective experience has been shown to be the core deficit of psychopathy (Cooke et al.,2005). It is important; while almost all individuals with a diagnosis of psychopathy would meet the criteria for the diagnosis of ASPD, on about one-third of individuals with a diagnosis of ASPD meet the criteria for psychopathy (Coid, 1998). With this being said, it is estimated that approximately less than one percent of men are diagnosed as psychopaths, but because many people who may have ASPD do not readily volunteer for research there is no real way of estimating the prevalence of