Type-2 diabetes is non insulin dependent, and it makes up the other 90% of diagnosed cases. This type diabetes is the most common type. In Type 2 diabetes the body does not make or utilize insulin well and the cells tend to ignore it. The need for insulin is a must for the body to be able to use glucose for energy. When food is eaten the body breaks down all the starches and sugars into glucose, which essentially fuels the cells in the body.
Insulin or not enough insulin is produced so when high sugar foods are consumed the body cannot convert it into energy therefore resulting in high blood sugar levels. Because it is a chronic condition it requires lifelong management. Not only are 280 Australians diagnosed with Diabetes a day but 1 million people within Australia were diagnosed and it is estimated with rates
If their blood sugar level is above the normal range, their risk of developing full-blown diabetes is increased. There is a great importance for diabetes to be diagnosed as early as possible because it will get progressively worse if left untreated. 1.2 Identify prevalence rates for different types of diabetes Diabetes across adults and children These figures show proportions of the two main types of diabetes across age groups: * Adults: 10% have type 1 diabetes * Adults: 90% have type 2 diabetes * Children: 98% have type 1 diabetes * Children: 2% have type 2 diabetes Whilst type 1 diabetes is much more common in children, across all ages of the UK population, type 2 diabetes is certainly the most common type of diabetes. Adults and children combined: * 15% have type 1 diabetes * 85% have type 2 diabetes Global diabetes prevalence UK is currently not the worst sufferer of diabetes. Globally 285 million people currently have diabetes, which is estimated to double by 2030.
This occurs when there is a deficiency of the hormone called insulin, or when body tissues are resistant to the actions of insulin. Insulin is normally released from the pancreas in response to rising glucose levels in the blood. It travels through the blood system with the glucose and enables the glucose to enter the body’s cells thus providing the cell, organs and body with the energy they need to function. In a diabetic person, depending on the type of diabetes, one or a combination of the above processes does not occur resulting in a buildup of glucose in the blood (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases 2014). 6.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce any insulin. Insulin is a hormone. It makes our body's cells absorb glucose from the blood. The glucose is stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen and stops the body from using fat as a source of energy. If the amount of glucose in the blood is too high, it can seriously damage the body's organs.
Diabetes type2 Definition Diabetes type2 is defined as insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. When your body cannot use insulin properly and effectively, the insulin can’t convert the sugar that stays in the veins to the cells. Over time high blood sugar can damage the veins. When you eat, your body absorbs all of the nutrients from foods. Many nutrients like Carbohydrates will convert to the glucose and go right into your blood stream.
Diabetes Abstract Type two Diabetes is a disease that is commonly seen in people who are obese and live a sedentary lifestyle. It usually develops in adulthood and can be prevented by changes in habits such as a healthy diet and exercise. In Diabetes type two, the pancreas makes insulin, but the body’s cells become resistant to the effects of it. Insulin tells the body’s cells to take in glucose that they in turn use for energy. If a person develops type two Diabetes, it can be controlled using a combination of exercising, eating healthier, oral medications, and insulin therapy.
Cardiovascular disease is a medical issue. It is one of the greatest problem why million of people lost life worldwide, and also the reason that many people around the globe are not living a full life due to disabilities. The term cardiovascular disease is the name that is generalizing all the diseases that affected the heart and also blood vessels. It is observed to be the major causes of death for both men and women in Australia for many decades. Cardiovascular health was approved and supported as the National Health focus area at Australian Health ministers’ conference years ago because of the high cases of cardiovascular disease and also it impacts on morbidity and mortality in Australian society.
International Diabetes Federation was estimated that the impaired glucose tolerance was as high as diabetes in all regions. The costs of diabetes care are alarmingly high. The incidence of depression is higher in diabetics and diabetes is one of the risk factors for depression (Robbins et al, 2001; Paeratakul et al, 2002; Katon, 2010). The assessment of risk factors and signs and symptoms of complications of diabetes are very much needed. As well creating awareness regarding prevention of diabetes complication and self-care management is more important.