Non-Communicable Disease Essay

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Introduction Did you know that the Australia has one of the highest numbers of non-communicable disease (NCD) cases in the world? NCD represents a major health burden in the industrialised countries and is a rapidly growing problem in the developing countries. Non-communicable diseases are diseases that are caused by factors other than a virus. They can be genetic, caused by poor diets or from obesity. Many chronic diseases are non-communicable diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and asthma. Research has shown that the incidence of and mortality rate associated with diabetes, has rampantly increased in Australia. That is why I have decided to write my essay on diabetes thus helping me to understand this disease at a greater length. This essay will be divided in to two parts, in part one, I will be exploring the causes and issues related with diabetes and in part two, I will be discussing about my views on human health and illness. Part One Diabetes Diabetes is a life-long disease. In our body, the components of food are broken down into glucose, which then the body uses as an energy supply. In a person with diabetes, the body struggles to breakdown the glucose. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas to help the body to breakdown glucose into energy (ATP). Often people with diabetes have a very low amount of insulin or none at all, so their body is unable to breakdown the components. Since diabetes affects the way the body metabolises sugar, it has the potential to cause other diseases in the body that people with diabetes may face as a complication of diabetes. People can become more vulnerable to eye diseases (Retinopathy), foot problems (Peripheral vascular disease), kidney damages (Nephropathy), lack of sensation (Neuropathy) and fat build up in the artery walls (Atherosclerosis) (InteliHealth, 2010).It is important that

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