Nixon's Visit To China Essay

703 WordsSep 20, 20093 Pages
Nixon’s Visit to China As a result of Japan’s loss of World War II, the Korean peninsula, which was controlled by Japan, was divided into two zones. In 1948, this split was formalized and two separate nations were formed: South Korea, known as the Republic of Korea (ROK) supported by the US, and North Korea, known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) supported by the Soviet Union (USSR). In 1950, the DPRK attacked the ROK. The US found itself in another war with China, but this time on opposing sides. The Korean War ended in 1953 with an armistice agreement signed by the DPRK and the PRC. The ROKand the US did not sign this agreement. The Korean War put a wedge between diplomatic relations of the PRC and the US (US Dept. of State 2792). Chairman Mao had three objects which he wanted to see addressed and met during the US visit: the return of Taiwan to Mainland China, the return of the PRC to worldwide diplomatic status, and the removal of the US troops in Asia. President Nixon had two goals which he hoped to achieve as a result of his visit to thePRC: assistance in ending the Vietnam War and assurance that the PRCwould not attempt to advance Chinese Communism throughout Asia. Additionally, both leaders shared the goal of restraining USSR aggression and military power. The US also wanted assurance from the PRC that they would refrain from attempts to expand Chinese Communism throughout Asia. The Chinese word for this is “hegemony,” a desire for social, cultural and economic dominance. Zhou explained that the PRC renounced hegemony which was perceived as imperialistic ambition. Zhou stated that Moa taught his people, “that once one thinks one is number one under heaven one is bound to suffer defeat” (Macmillan 241). In Nixon’s one week visit to the PRC, he and Mao changed the future of the world by

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