It can often prove to be fatal. Cholera is a water-borne disease caused by a bacteria found in tainted water or food. It can kill within weeks through dehydration, but is treatable if caught in time. The spread started 3 years ago in Haiti and entered to Mexico through a hurricane and tropical storm which caused heavy rains, floods, landslides and internal displacement of populations, thus increasing the risk of diarrheal diseases. 171 affected cases, 1 dead were reported in Mexico.
In light of current policy developments, this essay examines how a community specialist practitioner can contribute in the evolving National Health Service (NHS). Due to its relevance to my practice, the essay will focus on district nursing and how distict nurses can contribute to adult services within primary care. District Nurses are at the heart of community care and play a leading role in the drive for quality, process of change and innovation. Using effective leadership and team approaches, district nurses have embraced the opportunities to flag up their role and the impact they have in providing health care for the population (Lawton, et al, 2006). District nursing teams provide services to patients who are housebound and unable to visit their GP or local health centre.
Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing (C228) – Task #2 TUBERCULOSIS Stephanie Sanderson Western Governors University Mentor: Mikki Naught October 12, 2014 Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (or, “TB”) has existed throughout history. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (or, M. tuberculosis) is the causative bacterium in most cases of TB. M. tuberculosis was first described by Robert Koch in March of 1882. Presently, it is one of the world’s deadliest diseases (www.cdc.gov). In 2013, more than 9500 cases of TB were reported in the United States alone; during the previous year, there were about 1.3 million TB-related deaths, worldwide.
USA vaccines cover A, C, W-135, and Y but not B (Coffee, 2015). The incubation period of meningococcal disease ranges from 2 to 10 days. The disease is spread through saliva and respiratory droplets. The most common way people transfer the disease is through kissing, sharing drinks, sharing used silverware, sharing lip balm, and close contact with an infected person who may cough or sneeze within three feet of an individual. Meningococcal meningitis is a fast moving, deadly infection that kills 10 to 13% of its victims within a matter of hours or days (CDC, 2015).
Although health was always a concern including in ancient times, during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, also known as the Renaissance period, public health became a major issue due to the bubonic plaque. It killed one-fourth to one-third of the European population between 1347 and 1351. In the sixteenth century, syphilis and a form of influenza became widespread in Europe. Smallpox reached America killing the native population. Due to these catastrophic events, the three most important contributions to public health came about for the Renaissance period.
* Describe how Watson’s Theory of Human Transpersonal Caring is related. | Historical time period | Nursing role in community | Major health issues | Partnerships used | Watson’s theory | Past period 1 | Colonial Period1600-1800 | Female takes the primary responsibility of domestic chores including nursing the children and the sick | Yellow fever, smallpox, public health and urban living conditions including sanitation, and stopping the spread of communicable diseases(Stanhope and Lancaster, 2008) | American Medical Association formed hygiene committee to conduct surveys on sanitation and form a method to collect vital statistics (Stanhope and Lancaster, 2008) | Women, having motherhood as a main role, are viewed as the caring and empathetic individuals and therefore, nursing is expected from women of the household. | Past period 2 | Worl War 1 | Public health nursing grew more quickly through Red Cross (Stanhope and Lancaster, 2008). Nurses volunteer to aid for the wounded and sick civilians and military personnel. Nurses also travelled outside the United States to aid our military personnel.
Quality Improvement Report HCS/588 May 26. 2013 Quality Improvement Report Quality improvement is the cornerstone of many health care organizations. Quality improvement is the combination of all the patients, health care providers, researchers, etc. so to ensure that there will be change in patient outcomes. Cindy Janowski, a local health care organization leader, who notices that other organizations had successfully implemented Quality Improvement (QI) plans had hired me to research the industry’s quality standards and provide directions on how to implement or to improve quality in Janowski organization.
Poverty effects our health in many ways including mental health and diseases, access to vaccinations, malnutrition, and attaining adequate healthcare. According to Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, one in seven people go hungry in the world everyday. That is 925 million people. Nearly 50,000 people, including 28,000 children, die everyday due to poverty-related problems and preventable disease in impoverished third-world countries. That doesn't include the other millions of people who are infected with AIDS and other incurable diseases.
And in 1912 the public health nursing really began to have an impact on healthcare. The National Organization of Public Health Nurses was founded for which Lillian was the first President. And this organization helped to set standards and share techniques within the public health nursing community and also to protect the reputation of its members. Current public health nursing looks a little different today but has the same basic foundation of promoting health and preventing disease. Some current issues that are relevant to public health nursing are national disaster planning, health promotion, disease prevention and education, homelessness, and economy.
Most deaths occur among children living in Africa where a child dies every 45 seconds of malaria and the disease accounts for approximately 20% of all childhood deaths (WHO 2010). Malaria is a major cause of illness and death in Ghana, particularly among children and pregnant women in Ghana. In 2006, malaria accounted for 38.6% of all outpatient illnesses and 36.9% of all admissions (MOH, 2009). Malaria prevalence per thousand populations was 171 and 2,835 malaria-attributable deaths (all ages) representing 19% of all deaths were recorded. Infection rates are high in children peaking at more than 80% in those aged 5 – 9 years and falling to low levels in adults (MOH, 2009).