LSD can cause uterine contractions potentially causing a miscarriage (Darlington 402). Though MDMA, more commonly known as the active ingredient in ecstasy, is also considered a psychedelic its effects are extremely different from LSD. MDMA primarily involves the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin in the brain. MDMA acts by blocking serotonin reuptake, causing more serotonin to be released, and additionally releasing dopamine (Holland 29). This flood of serotonin in the brain might be responsible for the extreme “high” users
The prescriptive and illegal forms of stimulants include cocaine, amphetamines, and prescription stimulants such as Adderall and Ritalin. Amphetamines are highly addictive and used to aid in weight loss, most are rarely used today (Cherry, 2013). Many amphetamines such as black beauties, a diet pill, have been banned since the late 1970s’. Persons who used amphetamines and tried to quit often had symptoms of nervousness, could not sleep, restlessness, and agitation. Cocaine is highly addictive and was once used in many over-the-medications until the early 1900s (Cherry, 2013).
Marijuana may cause panic and stress attacks in extreme cases but helps ones gain back loss of appetite, and can dull pain from radiation treatments (GetGoing, 2011). The withdrawal effects of marijuana are minimal but can reverse the features it enhances. Conversely is the use of drugs such as cocaine and heroin. According to GetGoing (2011) using heroin or cocaine, powdered or crack (rock), even one time causes such intense cravings for some individuals that they use it again and again, rapidly becoming addicted. Furthermore, crack is the most highly addictive of all the drugs available because it is smoked and therefore stimulates the brain directly (GetGoing, 2011 p. 2).
Pros and cons of Substance Abuse Dawn Provance HMSV: 220 January 1, 2013 There are many pros and cons of substance abuse, alcoholism and drug abuse can be considered a brain disease, many people don’t realize that addiction is a disease that affects the brain, stopping substance abuse is not just a power of willpower. When people get addicted to drugs or alcohol they can have a lot of serious problems. Overtime drugs and alcohol can cause changes to the brain and can affect a person’s self-control. This can make it hard to make good decisions about are self. Addiction can be like diabetes or asthma, if you have one of these dieses it can’t be cured, you would have to learn how to handle it so it does not cause problems.
Alcohol irreversibly damages the developing brain. The damage can range from severe physical deformity, clumsiness, behavioral problems, and stunted growth to mental retardation. | | | | flashbacks | are recurrences of certain aspects of a person's drug use without the user having repeated the use of the drug. They are experienced by many LSD users. | | |
Psychoactive – cannabis is usually smoked in a roll-up or pipe. It is also frequently ingested orally. Effects: stoned, increased heart rate, reduced blood sugar level, decreased sensory awareness, increased sensory awareness, etc. Street name Effects Risks Alcohol Booze Relaxant, feel less anxious and more sociable Slurred speech, nausea, psychological and physical dependence Amphetamines Speed, whizz, billy, uppers Euphoria, increased energy Anxiety, panic, paranoia Benzodiazepines Blues, downers, tranqs Sedation, relaxation Quickly develop
Some of the possible effects that are thought to be caused by smoking marijuana are forgetfulness, and reduced concentration. Because smoking marijuana is thought to tilt the balance of chemicals in the brain, it is said to regulate mood, appetite, energy, and attention. It also reduces logical thinking and calculation skills, and can impair a persons ability to perform a complex task, like driving a car. The reason for concern about long-term risks is because marijuana causes a build up of THC metabolites, and they stay in the fatty tissue of the human body for three to five days, and weeks in heavy
How Alcohol Affects the Brain In today’s society, alcohol (also known as) ethanol is a colorless, flammable liquid that resembles water in a sense (Dictionary.com). It also has a strong odor that can burn the nostrils if inhaled improperly, as well as leave a burning after taste if one chooses to drink it by itself. Unfortunately, alcohol is becoming a necessity in our everyday lives, especially when it comes to young adults. The constant use of alcohol can create an addiction, to the point that one feels they need to consume it in order to feel good. People tend to enjoy the affects they receive when they drink alcohol because they feel more relaxed.
There are many ways to determine whether someone is taking this drug, physically, there is a sharp increase in body temperature, their liver, kidneys and cardiovascular systems fail, they have an increase in heart rate and or blood pressure, and they are more prone to heart disease. You may also notice they are involuntarily clenching their teeth, they have nausea, blurred vision, and or they are sweating a lot. This drug does not only affect your body physically but psychologically as well, confusion, depression, sleep problems drug craving, and severe anxiety are only a handful of problems you may want to consider before taking part in consuming this drug. This drug may be used a lot for the fun of feeling free and high but when you look at the side effects, the “cons” out weigh the “pros”. It is simply not worth a few hours of fun if it will affect your life negatively for more time then it took you to consume
Pain killers are intended to relieve pain, cough and diarrhea. People who abuse on pain killers take them to block the brain from receiving pain messages. Their intake is much higher than normal in order for them to get the similar feeling they would to an illegal drug. There are withdrawal symptoms that can cause people to become more dependent on the drug. Usually people who abuse pain killers are people who are facing psychological problems.