Actions that bring more pain than pleasure into the world are bad. Whatever action maximises the balance of pleasure minus pain is the right thing to do. One criticism against utilitarianism is that it seems to license reason to commit acts that forgetting any sort of moral reasoning are wrong according to every persons human rights. An example of this criticism is rape, where the victim’s unhappiness would be discounted as it
A key part of sexual harassment is that it is one sided and unwanted. There is a great difference between sexual harassment and romance or friendship, since those are mutual feelings of two people. Often sexual harassment makes the victim feel guilty, but it is important for the victim to remember that it is not their fault; the fault lies totally on the person who is the harasser. Many times fear is involved in sexual harassment because it isn't about physical attraction, it's about power. S/he is generally in a position to reward and/or punish the victim, based on whether or not the offensive behavior is tolerated or granted.
Steroids: the Nasty Controversy In today’s society people want to be their best and get there by any means necessary. People want to find the shortest and easiest way to make it to the top. People who choose to use steroids and HGH for reasons other than appropriate medical treatments fail to recognize that they not only damage themselves but they also damage the sport by cheapening any victories they claim. Some human beings out in the world believe that the use of steroids and HGH in sports is a good thing. They are wrong!!!
They all elaborate and personify madness as a derivation of vitality, form of genius, sanity put to good use. You see, if I’m not mistaken, two of society’s most reliable sources contradict between their statements. And yet we haven’t come to the amusing part. Society is unable to differentiate let alone comprehend the difference between such astray notions. Gentleman, reflect and ponder, society should not define madness for us, society itself is mad.
Furthermore it emphasises the need for people to break bad habits of character, as they prevent one from achieving full happiness and being a moral person. Such bad habits are greed and anger, and these are referred to as vices and in order to be a good person, we must stay away from these vices. The origins of this theory date at least back to Plato and Aristotle. Although modern virtue ethics does not have to take the form known as "neo-Aristotelian", almost any modern version still shows that its roots are in ancient Greek philosophy by the employment of three concepts derived from it. These are arete (excellence or virtue) phronesis (practical or moral wisdom) and eudaimonia (usually translated as happiness or flourishing.)
This staple of his beliefs is why he doesn't fear death, but in fact looks forward to it. By escaping he is committing an unjust act against the state, and committing unjust acts ruins the soul. With a ruined soul there is no point in living life as the soul is the only important thing, not the body. Therefore the most important thing is not only living life, but living a just life. While Socrates arguments may be sound in his opinion, I'm not sure if I agree with them.
Of the remaining criteria we might consider, only sentience―the capacity of a being to experience things like pleasure and pain―is a plausible criterion of moral importance. Singer argues for this in two ways. First, he argues, by example, that the other criteria are bad, because (again) they will exclude people who we think ought not be excluded. For instance, we don't really think that it would be permissible to disregard the well-being of someone who has much lower intelligence than average, so we can't possibly think that intelligence is a suitable criterion for moral consideration. Second, he argues that it is only by virtue of something being sentient that it can be said to have interests at all, so this places sentience in a different category than the other criteria: "The capacity for suffering and enjoying things is a prerequisite for having interests at all, a condition that must be satisfied before we can speak of interests in any meaningful way" (175).
Two ethical theories I will compare and contrast in this essay are: Moral Egoism and Utilitarianism. Moral egoism is the belief that an action is only morally justified if the consequences of the action are more favorable than unfavorable to the person or group performing the action. Under the strictest philosophy of moral egoism, rape, murder, theft, dishonesty, and many other things most people consider immoral, are justified. It is always correct for a person to do what is in their self-interest, even if it harms someone else. A person cannot do “whatever they like” because in many cases that would include things that are actually not beneficial to them.
As Jack quickly finds out, lying about your true name to win the girl of your dreams can be successful, but also have consequences. Our emotions and needs can lead us down a shameful path and although we may get everything we wanted, our journey to get there may be bombarded with sinister deeds. These acts can leave us with negative emotions such as depression. Victor struggled to battle his inner demons and he suffered from a strong case of depression. This depression would leave him as useless and dull.
Along with freedom of expression stands a disregard for the opinions of others and a high regard for personal ideals. Aristotle says, “He must also be open in his hate and in his love (for to conceal one's feelings, i.e. to care less for truth than for what people will think, is a coward's part), and must speak and act openly; for he is free of speech because he is contemptuous, and he is given to telling the truth, except when he speaks in irony to the vulgar.” Roark expresses himself most through his buildings and his love for Dominique Francon, daughter of esteemed architect Guy Francon. He is expelled from architecture school at Stanton University for refusing to comply with the requirements of a project that required a classical style building, as he