John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts, emphasized in his sermon that they were to be “a city upon a hill”, where everyone can see them and can be represented as a model Christian community (Doc A), which would also shame England into truly reforming the Church of England. Unlike the Puritans, settlers in Chesapeake were blinded by thoughts of seeking gold, in which they did not find any (Doc F). Most of the Puritans came as families (Doc B) because they believed that society’s foundation rested not on the
Many colonists died in early Jamestown, was it because of the environmental problems, the lack of settler skills, or maybe it was the bad relationship the colonist had with the Indians? The lack of skills by the settlers played a huge role in the many deaths of the colonists. In May 1607, 110 settlers arrived in Jamestown. Of the 110, only 82 had known occupations, and 47 out of the 82 were gentlemen (a gentlemen was a person of wealth who was not used to working with his hands)(Doc. C).
AP U.S History – Chapter Five, Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution Lusty population growth in thirteen colonies: colonists were doubling their numbers every twenty-five years,black and white; youthful people (political consequences followed) English to American ratio lessened every year. Colonial America was picturesquely mottled with numerous foreign groups; Germans (Pennsylvania) enhanced religious diversity, belonged to a variety of protestant sects, had no deep-rooted loyalty to the English crown. The Scots-Irish: turbulent Scots lowlanders, failed to prosper economically in Northern Ireland due to English restrictions and Scottish Presbyterianism. Early in the 1700's many abandoned Ireland and came to America
Settlers of The New World: Chesapeake vs. New England During the seventeenth century over half a million people emigrated from England to North America. The settlers left England for many different reasons. English settlers landed in Chesapeake and established the Jamestown colony and later experienced a tobacco boom. Other English settlers arrived in New England at the height of a religious movement. This essay will compare the Chesapeake and New England settlers’ reason for emigration, economies, demographics, religion, gender roles, and relationships with the Indians.
First, there is the main theme of both colonies, religion. The summer of 1607 the first colonists stepped foot onto Virginian soil. Observing the settlement of New Spain, the Virginia Company of England also wanted to reap the benefits of the New World “The Virginia Company investors hoped to found an empire that would strengthen England both overseas and at home" . While the colony was run under the pretext of Christianity, the settlers of Jamestown were guided more by their productivity than religion. “…on the whole, religion did not awaken the zeal of Chesapeake settlers…What quickened the pulse of most…folk was a close horse race, a bloody cockfight, or –most of all-an exceptionally fine tobacco crop” On the other hand, the Plymouth colony, settled in 1620, had very different grounds for emigrating from England.
Plymouth was founded but the Separatist Puritans who wanted to begin their own Church without the interference of the British government. The church believed in predestination, in which a soul is born destined for hell or heaven. One does not have the option to decide their own fate; God has already done this feat. Once a person shows signs of conversion, in which the person is shown that he/she will go to heaven, they are "visible saints". Puritans agree that only visible saints should have Church membership but in England everyone could have Church membership so the Puritans came to the Americas to set up a Church where only “visible saints” could have membership.
As the New World became more populated, America split into three regions. Two of which were New England and Chesapeake, both of which were settled largely by English people. By 1700 these two regions had become two distinct societies. New England and Chesapeake both had motivation for their colony’s establishment, as well as different social, religious, and economic aspects. New England consisted of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Maine up to this period of time.
Advanced Placement United States History Recent Essay and DBQ Questions Before 1750 DBQ: Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? Use the documents and your knowledge of the colonial period up to 1700 to develop your answer. 1. "Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns."
Afterward, others Europe countries also entered the new world. By the end of the 16 century, other European monarchies had begun to contest Spain’s dominion in Europe and to make forays into the northern fringes of Spain’s New World preserve. In 1588, England defeats Spanish Armada. England seized hold of the Spaniard’s new world domain. They also started their colonization and immigration because of England overpopulated and agricultural goods need.
Formally known as Plymouth colony, Massachusetts was founded in 1620 by Puritans to seek refuge in the New World. They were seeking a new life of religious freedom and purification of the Church of England after being exiled. The Puritans (pilgrims) drafted an agreement called the Mayflower Compact, which had rules that would guide and help them to establishing a new community. The Mayflower Compact is an important piece of American History because it was a step towards self-government in America. The Mayflower Compact stated that the adult males who would settle at Plymouth, not including servants, would have the right to vote on issues.