New England vs. Chesapeake

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As the people of different regions developed, they had to take into account their surroundings. Adapting to the environment caused areas such as the New England and the Chesapeake colonies to evolve into two diverse societies. Although they both were established by the English, their lifestyles rapidly grew different. Both groups of colonies came to America for different reasons, and this had an effect on the way they settled. Also, the geography of these settlements had a huge effect on the way their economies were set up. Both regions were established by the English for different reasons. In 1606, the Virginia Company received a charter from King James I to develop a settlement in the New World. The English settlers founded Jamestown. They came to the New World for more economic opportunities. They wanted to find gold and gain a lot financially, so for the most part, they came to the Chesapeake area individually. Men wasted a lot of time trying to find gold instead of doing useful things such as building shelters or planting crops. That, along with the swamp area’s mosquitos that caused diseases such as malaria, shortened the life-span of the Chesapeake people. Since many men died at a young age, women had the right to inherit their husband’s wealth and estate. This set the Chesapeake apart from the New England colonies. The Chesapeake people were saved from failure by Captain John Smith with his rule of “He who shall not work shall not eat.” The New England area was founded by Pilgrims, or Separatists. The Pilgrims made the voyage across the Atlantic in 1620 for more religious reasons. They wanted a place where they would be free to worship their own religion and could live and die as good people. In 1629, a group of Puritans, people who wanted to purify the Church of England instead of completely separate from it, secured a royal charter to form the

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