New England Local Government Essay

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1. Colonization I. Political A. From 1640 to 1720, English colonies in North America sought more independence from their mother country through local governments, but the English sought to keep their colonies under tighter control. Local Government A. Restoration colonies 1. New York, New Jersey (including Delaware), Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas. 2. All proprietors promised a representative assembly or a pledge to establish one. B. English Civil War 1. Caused upheaval in the Chesapeake due to loyalties to king and parliament. C. Assemblies and Elections 1. New England a. property-holding men or legislature elected governors. b. elected or appointed council advised governor. c. each colony had a judicial…show more content…
Withdrew/suspended charters and made some into royal colonies a. Royal= Mass., New Jersey, Carolinas. C. Dominion of New England 1. All New England colonies combined into the dominion under rule of 1 governor. 2. Created because of inflexible Puritans and smuggling. 3. Sir Edmund Andros=governor a. power to levy taxes and make laws 4. Abolished all New England local government Glorious Revolution A. James II succeeded by his daughter Mary and husband William of Orange 1688/89 B. Also wanted a more strictly controlled colonial system C. Maryland rebelled against Catholics and became a royal colony D. New York controlled by German militia officer Leisler shortly until he was hanged. II. Economic A. Each region of the colonies developed a unique economy and trading pattern that was reflected by its products. New England A. New England had poor soil, so it was mostly focused on livestock and timber. B. Small farms worked by families C. Shipbuilding, shipping, trading ports, barrels D. In triangular trade, most of their goods went to west Indies E. Shipping/Shipbuilding industry affect by War of Austrian Succession Middle colonies A. Most trade to Wine Islands and southern Europe B. Tenant
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