Russia also feared the growing German threat and sought to ally itself with Great Britain, France, and even Germany itself for protection. The British, for their part, tried hard to remain out of the conflict, but found that having the world's most powerful navy made that impossible. Rebellious provinces within the Austro-Hungarian Empire made central Europe extremely unstable, and the leaders of the Ottoman Empire in the Near East sought to expand their power. Historians have generally noted that the European powers had managed to avoid war for so long, that when it did
America later entered the war on the side of the Allies in , despite their efforts to stay neutral. America entered WW1 for three reasons, German submarine warfare, the Zimmerman Telegram, and economic interests with Britain and France. America entered WW1 because of German Submarine warfare. U.S ships traveling to Britain were sunk and damaged while traveling to Germany because of German announced unrestricted warfare against all ships
Wilson was steadfast and stayed neutral during a 3 year period by not choosing positions on either sides, but he did help the British “secretly or out of public view” with economic and military support. With his morals of support, Wilson drove America into a war that would, and has changed everything that Americans knew. “The present German submarine warfare against commerce is a warfare against all mankind...Armed neutrality, it now appears, is impracticable.” President Wilson states in his War Message that due to the events and attacks on America from the Germans, we
1. Many problems with American neutrality arose between 1914 and 1917. For instance when Woodrow Wilson travelled down Pennsylvania Avenue to ask Congress for a declaration of war against Germany, he “did so with the full realization that many Americans vehemently opposed the war” (Gardner, Module 8). Many individuals were pacifists, while others simply wanted to avoid aiding the Allies. Asking Congress for a declaration of war, President Wilson found the Emergency Peace Federation (EPF) lobbied Congress against entry into World War I.
In the summer of 1914 war swept across Europe which turned into a prolonged global struggle. In World War I there were the Allies, which were composed of Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, and the US. The Allies were against the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. The Europeans quickly rushed into war but United States at first did not want any part in the war. At the time the President of US was Woodrow Wilson who wanted to stay Neutral.
Isolationism , the made idea in the early 1920’s was changed after the course of World War 2, and urge to engage in world affairs made America the leading power in the world. America was beginning to get through World War 1 and trying to establish better relations with world powers but their differences led America into changing its foreign policies politically. Although most of the countries joined the League of Nations, America had from the start opposed it. As president Harding says in a speech at Des Moines, Iowa on October 1920 that he completely opposes America Joining the League because it is against the constitution and what Americans had fought for. Isolationism is still the idea in Washington.
In august of 1914, he addressed congress, declared neutrality and urged the American people to stand by him. There were several political and community leaders that supported Wilson initial position on the war. Senator Robert M. La Follette, Jane Adams and Secretary of State, William Jennings Bryan numbered among neutralities' most ardent supporters. These progressives were strongly opposed to the idea of war because, in more there was a notion that war was only fought to protect the interests of business (Zinn). Progressives, like Wilson, sought to protect the interests of the people and they feared that war would destroy everything that they had accomplished over the years to improve the American quality of life.
Wilson believed the treaty of Versailles should punish Germany but not so harshly that it would someday recover and seek revenge. However Wilson’s main aims were portrayed> through his fourteen points. But perhaps his main goal for post war Europe was to strengthen democracy in Germany so the citizens would not let its leaders cause another war. France suffered enormous damage in WW1. When the war ended the general population of France wanted revenge on Germany.
During these first four years, America managed to mind its own business and really avoid much if any conflict at all, however, in the latter part of it America played a key role in really demolishing all hope that Germany had left by defeating them. Thus today making the United States participation in the war crucial to its victory. In 1916 Wilson won the reelection by using the slogan “ he kept us out of war” but that would not be valid for too long. As the war went on the United States started to side more with Britain, France, and other countries that were fighting Germany. The last straw for the United States in there step to go to war was the sinking of the British passenger ship,Lusitania, by a German submarine in 1915, which resulted in the deaths of 128 Americans.
Wilson felt threatened of being seen as the bad guy and not entering the global conflict and with Roosevelt thinking of running for another term he had to make the critical decision (wiki). In WWII the US feared that not helping Europe in their time of need would come back to haunt them in the long run (politifact). Sure, pearl harbor was the deciding factor; but the US were still worried about a Europe united under communism affecting the US both economically, and politically; which is why we induced the Marshall plan after WWI