Neurological Aspects Of Alexia And Aphasia Essay

1958 WordsDec 11, 20118 Pages
A Look Into The Neurological Aspect of Alexia And Related Subtypes of Aphasia Coming from the Greek root “aphatos”, or “speechless”, aphasia is an acquired language disorder in which one’s process for comprehending or producing written or spoken language is interrupted or impaired. One type of aphasia this report will focus on is alexia (sometimes called word blindness or visual aphasia), where a patient loses the ability to read due to damage to the brain. Alexia and dyslexia are often interchanged because patients who suffer from them have similar difficulties, alexia refers to an acquired reading disability (meaning a previous reading ability had been developed) and dyslexia refers to disability resulting early on in development. Joseph-Maurice Ravel was a famous accomplished pianist and composer in the late 19th – early 20th century. He sustained brain damage after a taxi accident and experienced great difficulties writing and composing music. He lost the ability to write his name. Even copying letters and music notes became impossible. He eventually could no longer play the piano. He could, however, notice that a piano was out of tune, and he could duplicate notes that he heard. He could identify some songs he used to play when he heard them and recognized all of his own compositions by listening to them. He could also identify deliberately introduced mistakes in a piece (Henson, 1988). It was evidenced that Ravel was right-handed and his symptoms were due to damage to the left side of his brain. His friends and colleagues brought him to physicians all over Europe, but each denied any necessity for neurological intervention and “everyone thought there was no tumor, but a degenerative condition” (Henson, 1988). Finally Clovis Vincent in Paris advised surgical treatment in case there was a tumor. During surgery he noticed no visually abnormal brain tissue

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