Traumatic Brain Injury
Neurological Disorders OTH 1432C
Traumatic brain injury, commonly referred to as TBI can seriously and or permanently alter life for a victim and a victim's family. Every 16 seconds in the United States, a person suffers a traumatic brain injury. This equals approximately 1.5 to 2 million traumatic brain injuries each year. TBI is the leading cause of death and disability among children and young adults. Even more alarming, is that traumatic brain injury occurs more frequently than breast cancer, HIV/AIDS infections, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries combined (Dawodu, 2011).
People from all walks of life can suffer a traumatic brain injury; however it is more commonly found in males, people 15 to 24 years old due to motor vehicle accidents, violence and extreme sports and the elderly due to falls. Falls account for twenty eight percent of traumatic brain injuries, motor vehicle accidents account for fifty percent of traumatic brain injuries, and the remaining twenty two percent occurs from violence and extreme sports in which has the highest death rate. Nearly 50,000 Americans die from these brain injuries each year. More than 300,000 people have injuries serious enough to require hospitalization (Dawodu, 2011). Of these victims, more than 80,000 people will have significant disabilities or problems with thinking, memory, emotion, and mobility.
The human skull is composed of eight unique cranial bones. On either side of your skull, layers of material help protect your brain from normal wear and tear. On the outside are muscle, skin, and hair. On the inside of the skull, connective tissue and fibrous membranes aid in cushioning for the brain. Within the skull, the brain lies in a pool of cerebrospinal fluid that bathes and supports this precious delicate organ, while acting as a shock absorber during rapid head movements.
Although the outer surface of the skull is smooth, parts of its inner...