The Baroque style is characterized by great light and dark within a painting to emphasize certain points as well as dramatic poses and theatrical compositions which lend more realism to the work. Optics and perspective became an important skill to develop as the artists attempted to mirror real life. Baroque art seemed formal, rigid and heavy. Many economic and social conditions appear to have contributed to the Baroque period. Christians were leaving the Catholic Church to join Protestant sects.
The differences between Rocco and Neoclassical Art in the neoclassical period focused on portraying political truths of that time in a dramatic way. This period played a role in influencing French revolutionists, while rococo art was more decorative and light. Rococo was a decorative style based in France most often used in interior design, painting, architecture, and sculpture. Normally associated with the reign of King Louis XV, the movement actually began in the 17th century. With the rise of the middle class, the death of Louis XIV at this time, the high society in Paris became the pinnacle of fashion.
The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason) was an elite cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe that sought to mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society and advance knowledge. It promoted intellectual interchange and opposed intolerance and abuses in church and state. Originating about1650- 1700, it was sparked by philosophers Baruch Spinoza (1632 – 1677), John Locke (1632 – 1704), Pierre Bayle (1647 1706), mathematician Isaac Newton (1643 – 1727) and Voltaire (1694 – 1778). Ruling princes often endorsed and fostered figures and even attempted to apply their ideas of government. The Enlightenment flourished until about 1790 – 1800, after which the emphasis on reason gave way to Romanticism’s emphasis on emotion and a Counter-Enlightenment gained force.
Rococo is a style of art that began in the early to mid-18th century and was closely followed by the neoclassical art movement. Rococo art originated in France in the early 18th century and was itself an evolution of the earlier style of baroque art. Rococo art emphasized elaborate, detailed, and ornamental elements in sculpture and architecture, and more realistic representations in paintings. Coming off the era of baroque art, which was very much influenced by religion and endorsed by the Catholic Church, rococo art thrived in a time where secularism was becoming a more dominant theme in social attitudes. This Age of Enlightenment saw a shift toward loosened morals and a light-heartedness in the social climate that was, in turn, reflected in the art of that time period.
AP ART HISTORY King Louis XIV and Napoleon In His Study Comparison Art through the ages have used to convey propagandic purposes. In the oil canvas painting of King Louis XIV in 1701by Hyacuthe Rigaud depicts dictatorship of France as if France was dependent on him, giving an illusion that he will bring France into a new golden age in a Baroque style of art, while Napoleon In His Study by Jaccques Louis David in 1812shows a more humble approach by rather working and serving France to expand it for the good of the people with intelligence and military status in a neo-classical art style. King Louis XIV is depicted as an all-powerful ruler with kingship and dictatorship over fashion by his lavish clothing, Politics, and by being the center of France. He called himself the “Sun King”, setting an age of absolutism by having the embodied Fluer de Lis on his coat symbolizing France’s fate on King Louis on his shoulders depending on him, the absolute ruler. The column behind him is an illusion Riguad used to portray King Louis as a ruler that will being France into a new golden age, just like in Rome and Greece.
Melodrama: The Undying Philosophical Ideal Amongst the popular theatrical forms of the 19th century, melodrama continues to prevail as timeless and influential. Since its inception, melodrama’s impact is noted within theater, film, and American society and history. Melodrama In order for one to understand Melodrama and its influence, a clear definition must be had. One of the earliest attempts to defining Melodrama was written in 1611 by an English Dramatist by the name of John Fletcher, “A tragi-comedy is not so-called in respect of mirth and killing, but in respect it wants deaths, which is enough to make it no tragedy, yet brings some near it, which is enough to make it no comedy, which must be a representation of familiar people, with such kind of trouble as no life be questioned; so that a god is as lawful in this as in a tragedy, and mean people in a comedy.” (Powell, 145) At the time of Fletchers definition, the form of melodrama had not yet been conceived. The composition and definition of melodrama evolved up until it became a popular form in the 19th century.
“While writing with 18th century wit and precision, Jane Austen also questions the role of the imagination in developing autonomy.” Identify and evaluate the key “Romantic” elements at play in “Northanger Abbey” and one other related text of your own choosing. The Romantic Period was a sharp contrast to the strict rules and guidelines of the Eighteenth Century. Romantic literature features themes of the exotic, nature, and freedom. Rather than looking to reason and logic for wisdom, the Romantics believed that knowledge was gathered from nature. Northanger Abbey satirizes the popularity of gothic romances and excessive imagination, but Austen also less obviously satirizes the lives and values of the high middle-class and the social and historical paradigms of 18th century patriarchal society.
The expansive, expressive quality of the Baroque paralleled the true expansion of European influence geographical, political and religious throughout the seventeenth century. The Baroque has been called a style of persuasion, as the Catholic Church attempted to use art to speak to the faithful and to express the spirit of the Counter-Reformation. Around 1600, Rome became the fountainhead of the Baroque, as it had of the High Renaissance a century before, by attracting artists from other regions. The papacy and many of the new Church orders as well as numerous private patrons from wealthy and influential families commissioned art on a large scale, with the aim of promoting themselves and making Rome the most beautiful city in the Christian world for the greater glory of God and the Church. ARCHITECTURE IN ITALY The Baroque style in architecture, like that of painting, began in Rome, which was a vast construction site from the end of the sixteenth through the middle of the seventeenth century.
Then Enlightenment and the French revolution The eighteenth century Enlightenment led new ways of thinking with respect to religion and politics. These new ideas would impact the French Revolution from 1789 to 1799. The ideas of Enlightenment about religion and society formed the policies of the French Revolution. During the period of The Enlightenment the interest in learning, logic, and reason was increased. But in case of the traditional beliefs were examined further and sometimes refused.
Time’s Influence On Painting Each piece of artwork that is created is representative of a culmination of influences, whether they are environmental, societal, or personal. Painting which are influenced by society in turn, influence society. Both Cezanne’s “The Large Bathers” and Coypel’s “The Abduction of Europa” show the influence of time on painting style and persona. Although Poussin indefinitely influenced both artists in certain ways, the differences between the works are striking. While “The Large Bathers” was painted in 1727, during the French Baroque Era, Cezzane’s work was completed much later, in 1906, shortly after the impressionist movement.