AP European History DBQ 2008 Form B On November 24, 1793, the National Convention replaced the Gregorian calendar with a new revolutionary calendar. In response to the new calendar, in the period 1789 to 1806, several different reactions evolved. Based on the documents provided, when looked at upon an intellectual basis, the calendar seemed perfect; where some found the new calendar to work well, others proclaimed it inconvenience; and through overthrowing Christianity in the calendar and everyday life, problems began to arise. The documents can be divided into three main groups. The first group of documents shows the intellectual thought behind the creation of the revolutionary calendar and the reasons for its adoption.
David, Oath of the Horatti and the Death of Socrates. How do David’s paintings reflect the Neoclassical interest in Greek aesthetics, culture, and values? Neoclassical painting typically involved an emphasis on austere linear design in the depiction of classical events, characters and themes, using historically correct settings and costumes. Its emergence was greatly stimulated by the new scientific interest in classical antiquity that arose during the course of the 18th century. In David compositions, it is evident that the costumes, the events, the characters, the themes and the settings fit uncontestably in an historical contest, with all it beauty.
This discussion will establish the connections I perceived between the Greek views on life during the Hellenistic Age and a funeral oration given by Pericles during the Peloponnesian War. The Greek World-View, love for symmetry, and balance is displayed by the virtues attributed to Athens and its Athenians in Pericles’ speech. The Greek World-View was a collaboration of philosophical standpoints. They recognized the dignity, and worth of every individual. Every person in Athens was open/encouraged to pursue a balanced life style; a mixture of civic duties, the finest education, arts, and entertainment.
I will be discussing Pugin’s abstractions, beliefs and ideologies and how they diverged from the Classical-Protestant views of the day, also, illustrating the features that could be interpreted as traditional or dissenting. An unfortunate fire at the Palace of Westminster in 1834, obliterated most of the Old Palace. This event brought about the catalyst for the social acceptance of the Gothic Revival; however this was initially seen as dissenting. Following the fire a committee met and decided that the new palace would be Gothic or Elizabethan in style and accepted designs from prolific architects and designers. Neo-classicism was the architecture of the time and had been for two hundred years.
I love the painting, The Birth of Venus, by Sandro Botticelli. I like the innocence of the figures. They are painted very simply. The simplicity adds beauty to the painting. I have an interest in Greek mythology, and I like to see how stories are brought to life through pictures.
AP ART HISTORY King Louis XIV and Napoleon In His Study Comparison Art through the ages have used to convey propagandic purposes. In the oil canvas painting of King Louis XIV in 1701by Hyacuthe Rigaud depicts dictatorship of France as if France was dependent on him, giving an illusion that he will bring France into a new golden age in a Baroque style of art, while Napoleon In His Study by Jaccques Louis David in 1812shows a more humble approach by rather working and serving France to expand it for the good of the people with intelligence and military status in a neo-classical art style. King Louis XIV is depicted as an all-powerful ruler with kingship and dictatorship over fashion by his lavish clothing, Politics, and by being the center of France. He called himself the “Sun King”, setting an age of absolutism by having the embodied Fluer de Lis on his coat symbolizing France’s fate on King Louis on his shoulders depending on him, the absolute ruler. The column behind him is an illusion Riguad used to portray King Louis as a ruler that will being France into a new golden age, just like in Rome and Greece.
Aristotle defines happiness as the final good which means, to live a good life, by doing good deeds and happiness depends upon us. Jefferson states that happiness is freedom
The Age of Reform: 1250-1550 Steven Ozment the author of The Age of Reform: 1250-1550: An Intellectual and Religious History of Late Medieval and Reformation Europe believes that the Reformation was a continuation of certain aspects of medieval thought as well as a revolt against others. In this book he traces with great clarity and insight the roots of the Reformation in late medieval times while discussing what happened to these philosophical and religious issues amongst the social and political developments of the early 1500s. Ozment begins his work with the presupposition that the Reformation should be judged based on its continuity and discontinuity with the Middle Ages, not with the twentieth century, hence the dual structure of the work, as reflected in the subtitle. However I don’t believe the two works fit well together smoothly. The medieval chapters take a broad, sweeping view of traditions; such as scholastic, spiritual, and political, whereas the Reformation chapters concentrate on individual Reformers, for example, Luther, Zwingli, Calvin, and Knox.
IWT1 Task 1 Emily Campbell 000452383 Western Governor’s University A1: Realism Realism in its earliest form appeared in the 18th century in reaction to the excesses of Romanticism and Neoclassicism. It then became an organized movement in France in 1848 after the fall of the monarchy of Louis-Philippe. During this period of Napoleons Second Empire, Realism flourished. Realism focused more on the real life depictions of its subjects. The artists tried to be as straightforward as possible and not idealize the subjects.
Baroque originated by the Roman Catholic Church around 1600 as a response to Protestant reform in the city of Rome, Italy. The Renaissance goes back into the 1100s, however this type of Renaissance art come from the end of the Middle Ages transitioning into the Modern era; approximately the 1300s through the 1600s. This era started around Florence, Italy, and gradually made its way around Europe. There however, is no defined origin as to how the Renaissance came about. Different theories include the political structure of Florence, the patronage of its most dominant family, the Medici, and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.