Rothstein offers a very comprehensive review of a myriad of factors influenced by socioeconomic class and their potential effects on the achievement of students. He addresses genetics (Rothstein, 17), childrearing techniques (19), nutrition (44), alcohol and tobacco use (42), and a variety of health-related physical aspects (37-42). In the article More than just race: being black and poor in the inner city by William J. Wilson, the author analyzes the fragmentation of African-American families and the underlying causes of this breakdown. Wilson begins with discussing the 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. He illustrates the rise of the “black perspective” and its effects on the serious social scientific study of urban poverty (Wilson, 99).
Thereby we cannot evaluate the work of professionals the same way as amateurs. Books also are considered very important in this article, however I don’t believe that they are as reliable as professors. Although they are highly educational, sometimes it is not easy to verify the authenticity of the source. In other words some books are not trustworthy since they are merely commercial and written by ordinary people. Thus I believe that by omitting this detail Robinson has restrained his vision of the matter.
There are many strengths and limitations of questionnaires for the study of attitudes to education, which could be practical or ethical issues. Positivists agree with using questionnaires, because they collect quantitative date to identify trends and patterns. They are also reliable because they can be repeated, and they are representative. In contrast, Interpretivists dislike the use of questionnaires, as they believe that they are invalid because they are closed questions that can’t go into detail and they are impersonal due to the lack of depth in answers. Some sociologists often use questionnaires to study issues such as; subject and university choice, bullying and the experience of schooling, achievement and school factors and parental attitudes to education.
This is evident when she describes a US Census Bureau comparison about two parent black homes from 1960 to the present(602); however, she immediately precedes and therefore undermines it with an appeal to Pathos when she says, “The stats usher in this reality like taps before the death march” (602). This reference to death is being used as a tool to appeal to the audience’s emotional side. In all,
Despite the fact that, Black English is a style or types of words used by specific group, the African American, it is not a system of communication complex enough to be considered a language. Analyzing some comments of writer, it is realized some contradiction like “Language, incontestably, reveals the speaker”. Excuse me Mr. Baldwin, if you really believed people should stick to speaking and writing in “Black English”, would not you practice what you preached? The aim of this essay is not judge Black English, but people should be aware that the way to speak of a specific group, it is not enough to define a new language. There is anything wrong with using colloquialisms, slang, or whatever you want to refer to it as.
Carmen De La Cruz Professor Stephanie Hartley WAC 101 September 22, 2013 Famous Footwear has aired a new commercial “Little Victories”. This commercial caught my eye because it has a very clear intended audience: parents. . Emotional cues are used to draw parents in at the beginning while illustrating an emotional connection between shoes and the joys of parenting. The commercial obviously portrays this through the imagery, the narrating, and the family dynamics.
This allows researchers to test the behind the scenes properties of automatized behaviors by noting their influence on more easily measured behaviors. One particular demonstration that explores automatic behaviors is the Stroop Experiment. In a particular experiment done by John Ridley Stroop, it was noted that observers were slower to correctly identify the color of ink when the ink was used to produce color names different from the ink itself. This was interesting finding because observers were told to not pay any attention to the word names and simply report the color of the ink. However, this seems to be a nearly impossible task, as the name of the word seems to interfere with the observer's ability to report the color of the ink.
The lab experiment is proven to have a use in establishing cause and effect relationships, which is why positivist sociologists favor them more as they prefer the more scientific method. Although they favor then, positivist sociologists also acknowledge the shortcomings of a lab experiment as it is often unethical to control the experiment and the results can often not be accurate or representative to a wider population. Interpritivist on the other hand reject the laboratory experiments as they fail to achieve the main goal of validity and they say it us an artificial environment producing unnatural behavior. Although there are many advantages to lab experiments there are various practical problems with them. For example it would be almost impossible to control the variables that may influence a situation and although being able to control the environment/variables may seem like a good thing all its creating is an artificial environment.
They make their living off their biases, questionable practices, and not falsifiable claims that barely have any scientific evidence behind them. I would go to a scientist if I had a problem that needed to be solved because scientists try to put aside all their biases to help to solve the problem at hand. There are many different biases that affect our decision making process. Some of these biases include the emotional fallacy and representative heuristic. A scientist knows these biases and they find different ways to overcome them.
He states that there is no critical thinking involved with creating such vague and inconsistent “jargon” in texts because the over-complexity of the words involved with modernized English leaves the intention of the writing unclear. From the perspective of George Orwell, the modernized English style of writing is nothing more than a set of equivocal standards that we all adhere to. I agree with his essay regarding politics and English language. The lines between critical writing, professional, and political language have been blurred. We may attribute the deterioration of English writing with political language.