Native Americans were forced to apply the American culture when western settlers had moved on to their land. Children from Native families were sent to charter schools, where they could only speak English. The federal government prevented the Indian tradition of the Ghost Dance because they fear
The Removal Act stated that the United States Government had the right to forcefully move the Native Americans to different lands as long as they compensated them for the land that they had to give up in the east. The US Government did not give the Native Americans any say regarding their move. Once the Removal Act signed into place they had to follow it. The move negatively impacted on the tribes’ health, their population and their way of living. Out of about 15,000 Cherokee that were forcefully moved to the West, about 4,000 died on the road there.
The Indians then changed when the Indian King's daughter, Pocahontas, wanted to help the settlers. When the Indians heard that the settlers had converted Pocahontas into a Christian they grew hostile again. In 1622 when John Martin was leading the Virginia Colony he said "The first it is pformed by haueinge some 200 Souldiers on foote, Contynuallie harrowinge and
Narrative Frameworks and Erasure: Early U.S. – Indian Policy The invasion of New England in the early 17th century by European settlers saw a delicate balance struck between Native Americans and New English settlers. The settlers depended on Native Americans for their survival, and in turn Native Americans sought to investigate and contain the new element in their territory. In time, settlers seeking to expand westward used violence and brought disease that decimated native populations. European settlers claimed the land it as their God-given right, and declared themselves the first civilized people to occupy the land. The invocation of divine will is an example of one of the many ways in which Europeans sought to change the story about their relationship with Native Americans during America’s early history.
The Indians had been persecuted, harmed, and removed from their land by whites ever since the very first years of colonization in America, and Western movement caused the final blow to these people. The Cherokees of Georgia made efforts to learn the ways of the whites by opening schools, adopting a written constitution, and even turning to slaveholding. For these efforts the Cherokees, along with the Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles, they were named the “Five Civilized Tribes.” But, these efforts were not good enough for the whites. In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, providing for the transplanting of all Indian tribes then resident east of the Mississippi. In 1838, the US army forced the Cherokees from their homelands in the Trail of Tears into Indian Territory.
The “encomiendas” granted the conquistadores a group of Indians to do manual labor solely for that encomendero, either working at the mines or agricultural settings. Encomenderos were supposed to protect and take care of their Indians offering them education, health and sufficient nutrition, however very few went trough this expenses. As a result King Charles abolished the “encomiendas” by the New Laws of 1542, because of the severe conditions the Indians had to go through that lead to the death of millions due to disease, malnutrition and mistreatment etc. Followed by the “encomiendas” came a similar system that would be used to replace and improve the working conditions for the Indians and not give encomenderos so much power, such as the “repartimiento”. The difference was that it
After the American Revolutionary War, he joined a band of Shawnee to stop the invasion of white settlers’ flatboats that crossed down the Ohio River from Pennsylvania. “Tecumseh grew up to be a distinguished warrior in the Shawnee tribe.”(tecumsehbio.htm.) As Tecumseh early life, his family had to move about third time because of the attack by colonials and later American armies, as the Shawnee had allied with the British during the American Revolutionary War. His family finally settled near modern Bellefontaine, Ohio. When His tribe was pushed farther west by white settlers, Tecumseh became angry and took many raids to against whites on the frontier.
The first non-reservation Native American boarding school was opened on November 1, 1878 by Richard Pratt in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (Fuchs & Havighurst, 1972). Pratt retired from the United States Army in 1903 as a colonel, having participated in many of the conflicts compromising the American Indian Wars. Prior to opening the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Pratt experimented with Native American prisoners from the Red River War (Pratt, 2001). His belief that Native Americans needed to be taught to reject their cultural values and way of life to adapt to a ‘white American’ or western lifestyle is best outlined by his statement, “A great general has said that the only good Indian is a dead one. In a sense, I agree with the sentiment, but only in this: that all the Indian there is in the race should be dead.
The government didn’t do much to protect the Native Americans, nor were they able to enforce their own laws regarding Native American land and treaties. The Removal Act of 1830 was passed by President Andrew Jackson on April 23, 1980 (Wallace, 4-5). Andrew Jackson conveyed that removal of the Indians to the west was for their own best interest and that removal was to be voluntary (Wallace 65). The Removal Act provided for the Indians large areas of land west of the Mississippi River and each tribe would have its own territory. Those that chose to stay could keep their homes and their gardens, but would have to obey state laws and adapt to white culture and customs (Wallace 65).
It is not until, 1830 when Andrew Jackson propose an act in removal of the Indians and push them to the west of the Mississippi Riverthe Indian removal act. At the turn of the nineteenth century, the Indian Removal was a US governmental policy with particular focus on the five civilized tribes of the South, to relocate the Native Americans which resided in their homelands east of the Mississippi to lands west not yet occupied by settlers. Today the state of Oklahoma is home to these numerous non-indigenous tribes and their lineages.Thomas Jefferson fathered the Indian Removal, by becoming the first presidential advocate to land hungry Americans. Settlers fueled by a deep seeded fear of Indians and consumed by greed believed that the Native American’s lands were prime agriculturally and further, that it was not fair that they were not allowed access to it. Continued expansion at the time was coined as the key to success, and that obtaining the Indian lands was in fact the only means to achieving this, settlers in turn viewed Indians as obstacles blocking the path of American progress.