Needs: Life It Self
Needs: Life Itself
The hierarchy of needs is one of the best-known theories of motivation. Created by psychologist Abraham Maslow, the hierarchy is often displayed as a pyramid, with the most basic needs, at the bottom of the peak. The four lowest-level needs are what Maslow referred to as D-needs (or deficiency needs). These needs are due to a lack of something and need to be satisfied in order to avoid unpleasant feelings and to move on to higher level needs. The uppermost needs in the hierarchy and referred to B-needs (being needs or growth needs) and involve the desire to grow as an individual and fulfill one’s own potential.
Self-Actualization Needs: This is the highest level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Self-actualizing people are self aware, concerned with personal growth; less concerned with the opinions of others, and interested fulfilling their potential.
‘’What a man can be, he must be,’’ Maslow explained referring to the need people have to achieve their full potential as human beings. According to Maslow’s definition of self-actualization ‘’It may be loosely described as the full use and exploitation of talents, capabilities, potentialities, etc. Such people seem to be fulfilling themselves and to be doing…They are people who have developed or are developing to the full stature of which they capable. As he was developing his theory, Maslow studied the biographies of famous historical individuals who he believed were good examples of self-actualized people. These figures included Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass.
Esteem Needs: At the fourth level in Maslow’s hierarchy is the need for appreciation and respect. When the needs at the bottom three levels have been satisfied, the esteem needs being to play a more prominent role in motivating behavior. In addition to the need for feelings of accomplishment and prestige, the...