The child could also feel a sad disappointed feeling because their parent won’t give them the attention a child should be receiving or a child could just be being neglected all together possibly by the parent just not caring, but I will tell you all about these things in my paragraphs below. First, Physical abuse: where a parent physically hits the child. The child will have unexplained burns, bites, bruises, broken bones, or black eyes. Also if the child screams and fusses that they don’t want to go or when the time comes to go home. A child could also feel as if any adult that approaches then could be harm to them.
The divorce can also cause an unhappy environment for the children. The children may not like the person that their mom or dad has chosen to be with. This can cause conflicts between stepparents, parents, and children. Children would also have the mental problem of choosing which parent to live with. This can cause a child to be confused and stressed because of the love the child has for both parents.
When a parent or guardian does any type of abuse to a child it causes them to feel bad about themselves. Some children blame themselves for getting abused because they feel that if they were a perfect child they would not have got hit in the first place. In addition, it may cause the child to feel as if he or she can not please their parents or peers. Another effect of child abuse is the child grows to have no self-value. This mainly occurs when a parents use verbal abuse and puts his or her child down.
Abstract Nature and nurture debate has become a big issue tackled since long decades up to present times because of many factors contributed to human development either through inherited genes or environment influences. In fact, after many researches and studies all conclude that we as human being are the product of not only of genes inheritance but by our environment factors as well. In the article "nature, nurture: not mutually exclusive” the psychologist, Robert Plomin, demonstrates that most human behaviors are directed by nature and nurture, he considers them to be two sides of one coin , and added that each participates a partial role in designing human behaviors and experiences. Accordingly, in his book Psychology, David G. Meyers states " our genetic predisposition help explain both our shared human nature and human diversity.” Besides, genes influence not only the behavior but the environment as well as , Thomas Bouchard in the article “Nature, nurture: not mutually exclusive” Says “twins and adoption studies have established that most traits and behaviors are partially influenced by genes”. He wanted to clarify that a solid interaction is cemented between nature and nurture when genetic factors affect the person's behavior, attitudes, experience and his life expectations as well.
If parents control their children too much, later they feel ashamed and doubt their abilities. Also, teens loose respect and love toward parents. Moreover, they can become suspicious to the people around; and when these children grow up and become parents by themselves, they will not be able to provide necessary warmth and supportive environment to their children, which will bring up too cold and unfriendly generation.
Positive and Negative Reinforcement with Children Parenting is one of the hardest job there is, constantly worrying about their children health, safety and wellbeing. However, many parents struggle with disciplining their children. They struggle with constantly having to find a balance between how and when to discipline. Many child psychologists and child developmental experts have split discipline into two categories: positive and negative reinforcement. Reinforcement is used to help increase the probability that a specific behavior will occur in the future by delivering a stimulus immediately after a response or behavior is exhibited Each category has benefits when appropriately used, but can easy turn into abuse or neglect.
Nature Versus Nurture Defined Nature versus nurture is a debate between scientists and researchers about which is the most influential in human development: nature or nurture? Nature is defined as the genetic inheritance of an individual. Nurture is defined as the environmental experiences, both biological and social) that an individual experiences during his or her life-span. Some people believe that nature is the most influential on development whereas others believe nurture is the most influential (Santrock, 2010). Those who favor the nature side believe that an individual grows in a chronological order that is affected by evolution and genetics.
Children exposed to IPV are also likely to be victims of child maltreatment, as there is a high co-occurrence of both types of violence. According to this study, the children are the main factor on the reason why the mother stays in the relationship with her abusive husband. Even though they are having a hard time, just to keep the family intact however, the mothers have guilt feelings due to putting their children in that kind of stress. Other respondents thought of leaving their partners and calling
Erikson’s stages of Personality development are stage 1) Trust vs. Mistrust, 2) Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt 3) Initiative vs. Guilt, and last stage 4) Industry vs. Inferiority. In Erikson’s first stage of development is very important because it is trust vs. mistrust and without trust from a teacher or adult their will not be room for any other accomplishments. In stage one of trust vs. mistrust it depends on how the mother relationship is without the child. If children do not trust people then the will mistrust them thus leading to personality problems and classroom problems.
This could be a struggle because some parents live their dreams through their children and that pressures them to do more than they are capable of doing. More stress is being added to that because they want to have friends and make their parents happy and it can be hard for them to make time for studying and hanging out with friends. Most times these teens have a fear of failure and are under a lot of stress. If they feel like they have failed at something that their parents would be disappointed about they could feel like they aren’t good enough or just have unhealthy thoughts about themselves and they could end up being depressed or will do unhealthy things. Peer pressure is another challenge teenagers face.