REBECCA J. COLE Physician and Founder Background Information A. Rebecca J. Cole was born on March 16, 1846 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania B. Neither of her parents are known in historical records. She was the second of five children in her family; she had two sisters: Sallie and Dora and two brothers: Hamilton and Joseph. Rebecca was born into a mulatto family- her ancestry was a mix of European and African. C. All five of the children received excellent educations, allowing them to obtain work other than the domestic service or manual labor fields in which most African Americans of that time were employed.
The Health of Black Folk” by Nancy Krieger and Mary Bassett analyze and criticize the ways in which modern society rationalizes the illness in the African American community. There are three different models that the authors criticize for their failure to capture the true cause of so-called racial illnesses. A model is a set of assumptions that a guide a search. Models play a very important role in scientific explanation because it a representation of assumptions about the essential structure and relationships of objects. The authors feel the real reason for the differences in the disease susceptibility are social and class based.
(Christenson, 1992) Public Opinion on Sound Recording Labels A national survey of 800 parents of children ages 2–17, conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation, asked whether parents “ever” used the parental advisory system for sound recordings to help guide their families’ choices. The survey found that half of all parents said they did use the labels. (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001: 6) The survey also found that among those who had used the advisories, 52 percent found the system “very useful,” while 38 percent said it was “somewhat useful,” with 6 percent responding “not too useful,” and 3 percent found the system “not at all useful.” (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2001: 6) Sound Recording Labeling Policy Options Institute Comprehensive Rating System for Sound Recordings Many critics of the Parental Advisory System suggest that the program could be improved by instituting a comprehensive rating system for sound recordings. They argue that the current system provides insufficient information to parents regarding the content of music lyrics. Suggestions that the parental advisory system be replaced by a rating system for sound recordings date back at least as far as 1994, when the
According to Census 2000, about 28 percent of Somalis are between the ages of 6 and 17 (unfortunately, single year of age is unavailable). Interestingly, the Census counted 2,675 Somalis ages 6 through 17, a difference of 66 from the school enrollment figures for 1999-2000. Using this age group as a proxy for school age population gives a multiplier of 3.6. Using the multiplier and the number of Somali-speaking children enrolled in Minnesota’s schools (2,609 in 1999-2000 and 4,196 in 2000-2001) gives a range for 2000 of 9,300 to 15,000, again a range that includes the count in Census 2000. The range is wider than is desired, but given the dearth of data, the estimate and the Census count seem reasonable.
Next with Liberalism, we have the duty to help. Some libertarians are utilitarian’s and believe that sharing maximizes utility and happiness. Others are deontologists who argue that we have a duty to take surplus and give it to those less fortunate. Some deontologists have beliefs that the less fortunate have a right to the surplus. Finally, there are radical egalitarians, believing that all resources should be redistributed even if it means everyone is at risk for malnourishment.
The parents that gave birth to me were both broken, possibly from varying degrees of child abuse or neglect by their parents, or because of their inappropriate choices over their lifetime. Regardless, today I can put their lives in perspective and attempt to learn and grow. First, in order to understand who I am, there needs to be an understanding of my parents. In brief, my mother, Hally, was placed in 14 different foster homes within a 15 year span. She had two siblings she never met.
Racial Ideology, American Politics, and the Peculiar Role of the Social Sciences”; where he explains his research on the intersection of poverty, crime and race. Bobo contends the United States is faced with a sophisticated, elusive and enduring race problem. His use of two separate focus groups one being all white and the other being all black uncovered evidence to support just how complex the race problem in America is. Bobo contends the just saying that the race problem still endures is not to say that it remains fundamentally the same and essentially the same. Bobo asks how we can have milestone decisions like Brown V. Board, pass a civil rights act, a voting act, fair housing acts, and numerous acts of enforcement and amendments, including the pursuit of affirmative action policies and still continue to face a significant racial divide in America.
Harold Ruiz Professor Milton Great Books I March 25, 2013 The Negro’s Place in Nature Even now in today’s society, sadly, we’re still having debates about whether or not all the different races around the world should fall into the category of human species. The word “race” is only just a perception we humans use to identify ourselves because of some our physical differences. On “The Negro’s Place in Nature” by Dr. James Hunt, he and other scientists argue, with their bias scientific approach, whether the “Negro” should be considered human like the European, or a separate species nearer to the ape. Dr. Hunt presents so-called “factual” claims from other scientist, in whom he agrees with, that “the Negro race in some of its characters is the lowest of existing races” [page 6]. As stated earlier, the meaning of the word “race” is merely the categorization of different populations, on earth, among humans.
"Neglect" refers to cases in which the court found a child to have no proper parental care or guardianship, or to be homeless or living in a physically dangerous environment. Children for the control group were selected from county birth-record information and records of more than 100 elementary schools. They were matched as closely as possible with the abused and neglected group on age, sex, race and approximate family socio-economic status during the period under study. All together, the researchers were able to find matches for 73.7% of the abused and neglected children. In both the control group and the abused and neglected group, there were equal numbers of males and females and about twice as many whites as blacks.
Consequently because of their brown colored skin they are seen inferior compared to the Anglo and it sustains like this even in the twentieth century. Ralph Guzman, author of The Function of Anglo-American Racism in Political Development of Chicanos: from Chicano Politics: Readings, states that the Anglo assume that Mexican Americans “are their inferior” (49). Who are they to say that Mexicans are inferior? Their light skin and colored eyes do not make them a better person compared to any other. The fact that many of these Mexican Americans come from very poor cities and where poverty is extreme has to do a lot with these Anglo’s assumptions.