Nature vs Nurture

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Human society relies heavily on a combination of both nature and nurture. Some people believe that the way we are is strongly linked to genetics and another large part of the population is adamant that this is totally determined by the individuals that raised us, and the ways in which they did this. Foulcher explores in depth this controversial debate, as an observer of nature and humanity. His emotive and intriguing poems such as, “Martin and the Hand Grenade” and “For the Fire” both explore how we live and function in the world. We see Foulcher’s concern explored more specifically in this nature versus nurture debate, where he highlights the concepts of savagery of nature and the naivety of humans through the effective use of oxymoron, stressed position and metaphors. When the grenade, holding the death of innocent men, is placed in a classroom setting with young boys, we are forced to consider the nature versus nurture debate. Foulcher adequately highlights the naivety of the young boys in their glorification of war, whilst they do not entirely understand the reality of the horror of the subject. “... lifts it into the air / / above desk trenches: the dead weapon hurls” The interesting twist in the phrase “desk trenches” subtly reminds us that these are not young, valiant men in a bleak war, but innocent boys playing catch with a dead grenade in their history class. We see that, although these boys seem to enjoy immersing themselves in this fantasy, they do not see the pain and death. Similarly in the line “... the class pauses / / for history”, we see this idea. The young boys appear ignorantly fascinated by the grenade and the idea of that the object in Martin’s hand is in fact a murderous weapon. This line excellently utilises the technique of stressed position to dramatically emphasise the significance of the word “pause” and the pause that is created by

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