Naturalism And Realism

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Piotr Pietruczuk Mr. Lamoureaux Honors English III February 17, 2009 Naturalism and Realism were movements of the 19th century, which were founded on the beliefs that nature is all there is and that all central truths are truths of nature, and attempted to depict human behavior or represent figures and objects exactly as they act or appear in life. The term naturalism does not have an exact meaning in contemporary philosophy. Rather, philosophers aimed to ally philosophy more directly with science, urging that reality is actually exhausted by nature, containing nothing ‘supernatural’, and that the scientific method ought to be used to explore all areas of reality, including the ‘human spirit’ (Krikorian 1944, Kim 2003). Realism, on the other hand, is defined as the faithful representation of reality, denoting a particular kind of subject matter, especially the representation of middle-class life. Therefore, Naturalism and Realism sought to replicate a believable everyday reality, emphasized that one's heredity and social environment determine one’s character, in addition to depicting subjects as they appear in everyday life without embellishment. Naturalism is the belief, which maintains that all phenomena can be described and explained by the physical sciences. It embraces that all we are and do is linked to the rest of the world and is resultant from conditions that precede us and envelop us. Every one of us is an unfolding natural process, and every aspect of that process is caused, and is a cause itself. Therefore, we are fully caused creatures, and seeing just how we are caused gives us power and control, while encouraging compassion and humility. Naturalism illustrates our full connection to the world and others, it leads to morals of compassion, and it gives us far superior influence over our circumstances. Realism, on the other hand, is the
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