Natural Moral Law

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a) Analyse the important features of Deontology or Natural Moral Law. b) To what extent is the selected theory persuasive? a) Natural Moral Law is an absolutist, deontological and objective ethical theory which states that every living thing has a God given purpose which must be fulfilled in order to reach God in heaven. It was originally proposed by Saint Thomas Aquinas but has since been associated with the Roman Catholic Church. Aquinas’ Natural Moral Law was developed from the ancient ideas of Aristotle and other stoic philosophers like Cicero, who all claimed that humans have an inherent and rational sense of right and wrong. The main premise of Natural Moral Law is that all humans should do good and avoid evil, and because of this, follows a moral code which can be found by observing nature, this code is what Aquinas called Natural Moral Law. The natural law is said to have originated from God’s eternal law. This then becomes discernable through the divine law (the Bible) and natural law (nature). Humans then incorporate both of these laws into human law, which is the basis for how we act. As the laws the humans follow come from God, they must be holy and should not be rejected by ‘disparaging the dictate of reason’. Natural Moral Law creates a connection between what is natural, rational and moral. Aquinas’ ethical theory claims that laws which are discernible through nature are intrinsically good because they were created by God. It is therefore known through reason that we should follow these natural riles from God, because the opposite is equivalent to ‘condemning the command of God’. By following God’s will and getting closer to achieving our destiny with God, we should act morally. Someone who has an error with their morality also has an error with their rationality as they are not avoiding evil like they should be in order to fulfil their
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