Natural Ecosystem-Yellowstone National Park Essay

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Yellowstone National Park is 28,000 square miles and is one of the largest intact temperate zone ecosystem on earth. I will be discussing about major structural and functional dynamics of Yellowstone National Park. I will talk about the human effect in this natural ecosystem. How the knowledge of Yellowstone National park ecosystem structure and function can help build a plan for restoration and management of this ecosystem. Finally I will discuss the implication of species interaction in Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone National Park is 2.2 million acres of forest, meadows, river valleys and lakes (nps.gov). “In Yellowstone there is 67 mammals, 322 bird species; 148 species nest in Yellowstone. There’s also 16 species fish; 11 native and 5 nonnative. 10 reptiles and amphibians, 12,000 plus insect species including 128 species of butterflies. 1,150 species of native vascular plants. The inter play of volcanos, hydrothermal, glaciers and distribution of flora and fauna are complicated and unique (nps.gov).” The volcanism hotspots cause the uplift of Yellowstone National Park plateau. “Yellowstone Lake thrive in hydrothermal vents where they obtain energy from sulfur instead of the sun. Plants draw energy from the sun and cycle nutrients such as carbon, sulfur and nitrogen through the system. Herbivores, ranging from ephydrid flies to elks feed on the plants and in turn, provide food for predators like coyotes and hawks. Decomposers; bacteria, fungi and other microorganism, link all that dies with all that is alive (nps.org).” The human species have a great deal of impact in Yellowstone’s cycling of matter including the cycling process of nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon. Yellowstone is a popular tourist attraction which impacts the ecosystem negatively. Tourist throw their trash like empty bag of chips and plastic water and soda bottles throughout the park

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