Natural and Man-Made Disasters Essay

2304 WordsFeb 1, 201410 Pages
Nies: Community/Public Health Nursing, 5th Edition Chapter 28: Natural and Man-Made Disasters Annotated Lecture Outline I. Disaster Definitions A. Disaster: Any event that causes a level of destruction, death, or injury that affects the abilities of the community to respond to the incident using available resources. B. Mass casualty: An event in which 100 or more individuals are involved C. Multiple casualty: An event in which more than 2 and less than 100 individuals are involved. 1. Direct victim: An individual who is immediately impacted by the event 2. Indirect victim: A family member or friend of the victim or a first responder 3. Displaced person or refugee: Special categories of direct victims. Displaced persons are those that have to evacuate their home, school, or business as a result of a disaster; refugees are a group of people who have fled their country or home as a result of famine, drought, natural disaster, war or civil unrest. II. Types of Disasters Disasters are identified as a natural disaster, a man-made disaster, or a combination of both. A. Natural disasters include: 1. Avalanches 2. Blizzards 3. Communicable disease epidemics 4. Droughts/wild fires 5. Earthquakes 6. Floods/mudslides 7. Hailstorms 8. Heat wave 9. Hurricanes 10. Tornados/cyclones 11. Volcanic eruptions B. Man-made disasters include: 1. Terrorism 2. Civil unrest (riots) 3. Explosions/bombings 4. Fires 5. Structural collapse (bridges) 6. Toxic/hazard spills 7. Mass transit accidents 8. Pollution 9. Wars III. Characteristics of Disasters Several characteristics have been used to describe disasters. These are frequency, predictability, preventability, imminence, scope and number of casualties, and intensity. A. Frequency Frequency refers to how often a disaster

More about Natural and Man-Made Disasters Essay

Open Document