Nationalism In Europe 1790-1900

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Nationalism is a sense of identity of any nation around the world which makes it look like an empire also including a social order which contains elite groups of people. There are many different types of nationalism including civic, ethnic, cultural, romantic, state, liberal, religious, and diaspora nationalism. Nationalist and liberal ideas spread throughout the whole of Europe after Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Europe. Nationalism during the 18th century meant a lot to people about their country, culture and their ethnicity as well in Europe. After the fall of the great leader Napoleon, the Austrian Foreign minister was given the job to organize the whole of Europe in the Congress of Vienna. The Congress of Vienna was headed by Metternich. There were other leaders from different countries and their main goal was to “create a lasting peace by establishing a balance of power and protecting the system of monarchy” Metternich was a crafty leader. He made sure that Austria played a vital role as it was one of the largest countries in Europe. The French Revolution of 1830 showed that ideas of liberalism and civic nationalism would spread. This time radicals wanted to set up a republic by choosing their own “citizen king”, Louis Philippe There was another revolution in 1848, where the citizen king was overthrown. This revolution was caused by romantic nationalism because due to problems, freedom of speech was abolished and the state gained power and was able to suppress the rebels. As the economy was faltering radicals forced themselves to work for a French republic. The force of the workers who wanted a republic defeated those who supported socialism. Socialist workers wanted to be extravagant in the reforms they make while liberal forces wanted a place they could call “home”. Nationalism is portrayed strongly in the revolution by the liberal workers wanting simple
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