Romanticism paved the way for European nationalism. Moving on to nationalism itself and the ways it can be brought about. One way was liberalism. Nationalistic liberals sought to reorganize social and political structures in order to achieve unity. There were those who firmly resisted liberals and endorsed conservatism, chief among them being the Congress of Vienna.
Economy was an initiative to stop prevents people from supporting Great Britain. Farmers were given pre-emption rights which would increase the economy (Doc E). The new government built after the American Revolution was built on the foundation of fundamental economic interests (Doc H). The American Revolution was Revolutionary by bringing social changes. There were new relationships between people of different classes.
From 1799 to 1815, how far did Napoleon maintain the aims of the French Revolution? The main aims of the French revolution before Napoleon came to power was to promote “Liberty, equality and fraternity” by putting an end to feudal privileges and the absolute rule of the monarchy and the king. Napoleon made many reforms in France which mainly supported the ideas of the revolution. However he also made several steps in securing himself as an absolute ruler of France, going against the ideas of the revolution. In October 1799 Napoleon became first consul of the government and in so being became the most powerful man in France.
Although many deaths occurred, France did change tremendously. Two great completions from the French Revolution were the destruction of feudalism and the withdrawal of the absolute power, where individual rights and personal liberties have been brought upon the laborers of the king. These accomplishments also brought the growth of the capitalist regime as well as the middle classes. (25)According to Kropotkins the French Revolution was worth its human cost because France did as it promised to do by developing the middle class giving them rights and political views as well as a capitalist government. Viewing the debate from Schama’s view, the author of “The French Revolution: Bliss was it in That Dawn?” The
I will explore these causes in this essay. The age of revolutions had left a changed landscape in Europe and many countries had a new found sense of national pride. After the congress of Vienna delegates from Britain, Austria, Russia and Prussia decided upon the new Europe. They left Germany and Italy as divided states. Strong nationalist feeling in these countries led to their unification in 1861 and 1871 respectively.
This in addition to the point that Germany had just been through an industrialisation stage and was trying establish itself as a world power lead to the First World War as this ambition lead to other countries becoming threatened. Germany was increasing in stature after defeating France in a war in 1870-1; this paired with the fact that Chancellor Otto Van Bismarck had unified the various different states of Germany into one country meant there was a huge surge in Nationalism. Kaiser Wilhelm II ascended to the German throne in 1888 and as a representation of the aggressive personality of the new leader there was a change in foreign policy as Germany embarked on a ‘Neuer Kurs’ this lead to Von Bismarck being sacked and Germany becoming a much more aggressive nation. Apart of becoming a world power Germany needed allies in which they found in Italy and Austria-Hungary in the Triple Alliance in 1882. Another change which made war more likely was when in 1894 the Schlieffen plan was made.
Why did Louis Philippe become king in 1830? (8) Louis Philippe was a direct descendant of Louis XVIII, and the eldest son of Philippe, duc d’orleans. His father had supported the revolution and favoured the execution of Louis XVI and his family had a pedigree of support for revolutionary principles. In July 1830, the opponents of Charles X were divided about whom or what should replace him. Many of the popular Parisian leaders, supported by the workers and students favoured a republic under the presidency of Lafayette.
If the assassin of Franz Ferdinand hadn’t of shot the duke and The Alliances had not been formed there may have only been a small war between Serbia and Austria-Hungry . This is linked with Militarism because the Building up of Armed forces by each country caused a threat between countries because if you had a bigger army you were seen as a more powerful and dominant force in the war therefore pressuring a country to build up their armed forces . After this Russia went to help the serbians and Germany went to protect Austria- Hungry . France had previous conflicts with the Germans so they were straight in with the war Britain were only brought into action after Germany forced their way
How close to revolution was Great Britain in the 1790’s? The 1790’s wasn’t the easiest of times for Britain. Revolution overthrowing the monarchy in France caused working-class civilians in Britain to entertain the idea of revolutionizing. This, among other aspects such as the war with France and food supply, meant that Britain, led by Pitt, had to fight off the threat of revolution. It would be a fair statement to make that although Great Britain had big enough threats and factors for revolution to actually happen, the threat lacked a certain spark that could have ignited the revolution, spreading into a full-blown fire across the whole country, helping end the monarchy.
France thought the war would not only help by stopping Germany’s increase in power. It would also help Napoleon III to regain his popularity after some of his failures after the commencement of his dictatorship, such as the Mexican adventure of 1867. I will now go onto the short term reasons. Firstly, Spain needed a king and Bismarck saw his chance to send Prince Leopold to become king there. France protested because they thought that having German influence on both sides would be too much if conflict would have occured.