Napoleon Bonaparte was an important French political and military leader in the early 1800s and was one of the most important leaders in history. Napoleon became the first French consul after conducting a successful coup d’etat in 1799. Napoleon was very important during the French Revolution, and also went on to rule France and most of Europe from 1799-1805 due to his obsession of power and control. Even though Napoleon had some accomplishments, Napoleon treated his people like a tyrant would and thought of only himself. Because of Napoleon’s selfishness when conquering other countries he is considered a tyrant.
Henry also wanted England to be a major power in international affairs. One of his aims in foreign policy was to capture France just like Henry V did. Henry had been waiting for the best opportunity for him to go to France and capture and then it came. Spain and the Papal states also wanted to attack France so they formed the Holy League. In the first French war of 1512, everything was a fail, England had started their attack to find that the Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian had deserted him.
Henry had a very aggressive policy on France throughout his rein until he eventually decided on trying to become the peacemaker of Europe. Henry wanted to regain the lost territory in northern France so he could be seen as a Great War lord with visions of honour and glory but also to challenge Henry V’s title of the last great English warrior. The first sign of this aim being put into place is the first French war from 1512-1514. However the first expedition on June 1512 was a disastrous failure as Ferdinand of Aragon didn’t hold up his end of the deal for an allied invasion. This shows Henrys naivety in foreign policy and the other European powers were using him to benefit themselves whilst sending him to his downfall.
I personally think that Henry failed in his foreign policy because he didn’t end up gaining a full grasp on France, this was the main precedence. The initial aim was to capture more land, gaining more land meaning capturing France and knowing Henry’s ambitious mindset, he most probably had his whole mind set on creating an empire and France was a good place to start. Had Henry been what he said he was ‘a warrior king’ he wouldn’t have been used as a toy twice throughout this unsuccessful foreign policy. Charles took advantage of Henry. At the Battle of Pavia, the French were defeated and Francis along with his strongest supporters were held captive.
Through his knowledge and experience Napoleon rose from the shadows of France; with the fall of Robespierre and the “Reign of Terror” and became its new emperor. However throughout his ruling, he had several successes and failures, which was proven when he tried to invade Russia and failed, thus leading to his down fall in 1812. Napoleon’s success Foreign: - "Courage isn't having the strength to go on it is going on when you don't have strength”. Which is what Napoleon thought about when the time for battle came. One of the many things that made Napoleon a good and smart leader was his battle strategies and tactics.
France promote the unification of Italy in a large extent. However there were other countries such as Prussia, Britain, and Austria. Also there were significant figures who promote the unification of Italy such as Garibaldi and Cavour To start with France has not always been positive factor for the unification process. France in 1848 sent an army of about 20.000 men to destroy the roman republic. At Plombieres meeting of 1858 Cavour and Napoleon III agreed to work together which the agreement was Nice and Savoy are going to belong to France(so there would be no complete unification) and fought the war of 1859 against Austria.
This led to a decision for the king: cope with our demands, or we fight for our independence. After the king rejected the demands of the petition, Thomas Paine released an article entitled “Common Sense”. By this time, the people thought they were fighting to make King George III listen to their demands, but Thomas Paine introduced the idea that independence was better fighting for, and that Britain has too much power over us. He stated that Britain could drag Americans into war that they had no intention of being in, which was concluded that America is much better off on its own, and that this way of thinking was common sense. This document changed the minds of thousands of Americans to now want complete independence.
France had a burning desire for revenge on the British after their loss at the French Indian war back in 1754. and America wanted France to help them in the war. But France didn't want to step in because they were afraid that their participation would result in another expensive war with the British. So France said “ we will help only if you show us that you have a real chance of winning this war.” the victory at Saratoga convinced France to step in and donate a ton of supplies and men. This helped to even the playing field against the
Russia’s early hopes were soon dashed however. Russia’s best chance of victory came at the very beginning of the war when a large number of German troops were invading Belgium and France, but instead of ceasing this opportunity the Russian generals blundered into defeat after defeat. Russia’s dreams of a swift victory were all but crushed in the Tannenberg and Masurian disasters that set the stage for further defeats in 1915. The First World War was a new type of war, a war dominated by modern technology, technology that the Russians were struggling with. Meanwhile the Germans were making massive advancements in both new technology and it’s utilisation but also the strategic aspects of
Nationalism has no credited creator but early elements of nationalism can be found in both the ancient Hebrews and Greek history. The earliest forms of nationalism came with the monarch’s beliefs in absolute power, unity and greatness in their kingdom. The French Revolution emphasizes “the people” and increased the French feelings about themselves and their desires for freedom. It was in 1972 when the Prussian army invaded France that “the people” defeated professional soldiers that the sense of nationalism emerged outside of sovereignty. There are several examples of nationalism taking to an extreme that results in problems for the nation; nationalism tends to lead to economic isolation.