Nano Technology Essay

15021 WordsJun 14, 201561 Pages
Jointly published by Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest and Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht Scientometrics, Vol. 59, No. 3 (2004) 425–465 Multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity, and patterns of research collaboration in nanoscience and nanotechnology JOACHIM SCHUMMER Department of Philosophy, University of South Carolina, Columbia (USA) This paper first describes the recent development that scientists and engineers of many disciplines, countries, and institutions increasingly engage in nanoscale research at breathtaking speed. By co-author analysis of over 600 papers published in “nano journals” in 2002 and 2003, I investigate if this apparent concurrence is accompanied by new forms and degrees of multi- and interdisciplinarity as well as of institutional and geographic research collaboration. Based on a new visualization method, patterns of research collaboration are analyzed and compared with those of classical disciplinary research. I argue that current nanoscale research reveals no particular patterns and degrees of interdisciplinarity and that its apparent multidisciplinarity consists of different largely mono-disciplinary fields which are rather unrelated to each other and which hardly share more than the prefix “nano”. 1. Introduction BRAUN et al. (1997) analyzed the early growth of nanoscience and nanotechnology during the period 1986–1995 by counting the occurrences of the prefix “nano” in the titles of scientific papers. They found exponential growth with the remarkable doubling time of 1.6 years. Furthermore, their title word analysis allowed to delineate the main research topics then (i.e., nanocrystals, nanoparticles, nanocomposites, nanoclusters, and nanotubes) as well as their respective trends, giving the impression of a rapidly emerging and rather clearly defined research field in which mainly physicists and chemists

More about Nano Technology Essay

Open Document