Mustang Horse: The Symbol Of The American West

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Mustang Horse The place is a big field of grass. The Mustang is often called "The Symbol of the American West." Mustangs are known for their rugged athleticism and qualities of endurance. Most Mustangs are of the light horse or warm type blooded. Horses of draft conformation are kept on separate ranges. While the Spanish blood has been diluted, many of the horses still exhibit Spanish characteristics. There has been a firmly held belief for several decades that there were no pure Spanish-type horse remaining on the ranges of the wild horse. But in recent years a few small herds have been found in very isolated areas which have been found through blood testing to be strongly related to Spanish breeding. Among these are the Kiger and Cerat Mustangs.…show more content…
This practice was meant to deter the local native tribes from stealing horses from the Spanish settlements. It is believed that more than 10,000 horses were released into the Rio Grande region during this time. These Spanish-bred horses soon spread across the west, and interbred with various other feral breeds. By 1900, there were more than two million wild horses in the United States. By 1970, fewer than 17,000 remained. Ranchers had killed most of them in the interests of protecting grazing lands for their cattle. The Wild Horse and Burro act of 1971 changed this practice, and the American Mustang came under the control of the Bureau of Land Management. Today, there are nearly 41,000 Mustangs on public lands. Spanish horses, the ancestors of the Mustang, thrived in the arid environment of the American West since it so clearly represented that of Spain and North Africa. The Spanish horses which escaped from captivity multiplied rapidly. The number of escaped horses was quite large. As early as 1596, for instance, the Spanish Governor of Santa Fe reported 300 horses and mules, one-fifth of the stock, had strayed while grazing. A century later, in 1690, General Alonzo De Leon lost 126 horses in East Texas. In 1691, a Spanish expedition lost another 135 horses. By the 1800s, one observer reported seeing 20,000 Mustangs grazing in the San Joaquin Valley of California. The coat color is the full range of colors found in horses. The average size of this American breed is between 13.2 - 15 h. The weight of a mustang horse varies greatly, due to exact species, habitat and life style, however, the weight is normally in the order of 700 to 800 lb (320 - 365 kg). Mustangs that have been removed from the wild require experienced handlers, but a gentled Mustang can make a
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