Music In India

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“Culture is the sum of all the forms of art, of love, and of thought, which, in the course or centuries, have enabled man to be less enslaved.” Andre Malraux’s (a French historian) words hold to be very true. Culture is a way for a certain group of people to express themselves and their lifestyles. Culture is composed of several various aspects such as heritage, background, language, food, clothing, and music, music being a key defining aspect. Music from all around the world serves as a window into various existing cultures. Perhaps one of the biggest music industries after that of America’s is India’s. Like all music, India’s music ranges from folk to contemporary. India’s folk music has many subsections such as bauls, bhangra, dandiya, garba, and qawwali. The “Bauls of Bengal” play music that deals with work and love. They use three instruments called the khamak, ektara, and dotara. The Bhangra essentially originated in Punjab and usually has lively beats. Music like dandiya and garba are music specifically made for those types of dances. Lastly, qawwali is devotional music usually consisting of one or two lead singers, a harmonium, tabla, and dholak as well as several chorus singers. Aside from the folk music mentioned, India also has bhajans which is religious music. India’s contemporary music has genres like that of America such as Pop and Rock. Pop music is what is primarily seen in Bollywood cinema. The Indi-pop genre has singers such as Alisha Chinai, Shaan, Sonu Nigam, and Lucky Ali. Pop music also consists of remixing old songs. India adopted Rock music when famous bands like The Beatles visited there and brought their music. Freddie Mercury of Queen is actually Indian! His real name was Farrokh Bulsara. Whether contemporary or folk, the instruments used do not change. Indian music uses instruments such as the chimpta,

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