Mrs Joanne Haigh

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Unit 51 Understand and Enable Interaction and Communication With Individuals who have Dementia 1 Understand the factors that can affect interaction and communication of individuals with dementia. 1.1 Explain how different forms of dementia may affect the way an individual communicates Dementia is a progressive illness that usually occurs over a period of time. One of the earliest signs of dementia is problems with an individual’s memory, this can result in the individual behaving and communicating differently. Because there are so many different types of dementia the signs and symptoms of these can vary widely, because of this the communication abilities of the individual will vary greatly. Each for of dementia will have certain symptoms that may be relevant to that disease but some symptoms may be present in more than one form of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease This is the most common cause of dementia around 60 to 80% of individuals affected have this type of dementia. This type of dementia can lead to an individual having difficulty remembering people’s names, places and recent events. They have difficulty learning new information this can lead to difficulty in communication as they may not recognize the person and not engage in conversation with them. Vascular dementia This is the second most common type of dementia and occurs after a significant vascular event for example a stroke. Symptoms of this are very similar to Alzheimer’s although the memory might not be so greatly affected, the ability to perform tasks already learnt by the individual, may be lost, they may have problems with planning ahead, because of this the individual can show signs of apathy and depression. Dementia with Lewy Bodies The level of decline in an individual with DLB is very similar to Alzheimer’s; they may have problems with memory, judgement and behavioural

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