1. Explain what is mean by the term dementia. Dementia is a group of symptoms caused by specific brain disorders.The common symptoms of dementia are memory loss, changes in behaviour or mood, difficulties with communication. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have.
Unit 4222 – 237 Dementia awareness (DEM 201) 1. Understand what dementia is 2.1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ The term ‘Dementia’ is used as the collective name for the number of various diseases that all affect the brain. Dementia is not part of ‘normal ageing’ and it is not contagious. It is a progressive and irreversible brain disease; it will only go worse with time. 2.2 Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia.
Subcortical vascular dementia, this is caused by a series of small changes to blood vessels deep inside the brain. A person usually does not notice these changes but they can overtime damage parts of the brain that are important for attention, memory and language. Dementia with Lewy bodies can cause common dementia symptoms these include,
However, each time this does happen a small area of the brain is damaged. Dementia caused by mini strokes is known as Multi-infarct dementia. Vascular dementia affects only certain areas of the brain meaning that the person is able to retain more of their cognitive abilities. Vascular dementia causes problems with wandering; the person may become more restless and fidgety. Fronto temporal dementia is a progressive degeneration of the frontal lobes of the brain.
DEM 201: Dementia awareness Learner name: 1. Understand what dementia is. 1.1 – Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’. Answer: Dementia is the progressive decline in cognitive function due to damage or disease in the body beyond what might be expected from normal aging. Unlike Alzheimer’s disease, which is a specific change in the brain, dementia is more a generic term that can include many conditions and various causes.
Jeffery Dharmer Jeffery Dharmer was born in West Allis, Wisconsin. He's father, Lionel Dharmer was a analytical chemist and he's mother, Joyce Dharmer. Seven years after he's birth Jeffery's brother, David was born. At eight years old Jeffery and he's family moved to Bath, Ohio where Jeffery attended Revere high school. Jeffery's childhood was fairly normal and it was only between the ages of ten and fifteen did he start to become increasingly more withdrawn and uncommunicative, he showed very little interest in social interactions and had few hobbies.
Clinical Practice Appraisal 1 Medical Diagnosis: Mrs Smith is am 88 year old female patient with 62Kgs. She has been living independently at home for the past 12years after the passing on of her husband. She was admitted in hospital after having a fall in her house and fractured her neck of femur (NOF) and the right clavicle. After her hip replacement she was rehabilitated but did not exhibit significant improvement and the recommendation was admission to the nursing home. Due to deterioration of her health status and reduced independence, she is wheel chair bound and requires assistance to be moved from place to place.
1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment are all symptoms of dementia and this may be why people mistake them for dementia. 2.1 Outline the medical model of dementia. The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and focuses on a cure, these may be dependency, restriction of choice, disempowering and devaluing individuals. 2.2 Outline the social model of dementia.
UNIT 4222-365 UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS AND EXPERIENCE OF DEMENTIA Outcome 1. Understand the neurology of dementia 1. Describe a range of causes of dementia syndrome Alzheimer’s disease; Vascular dementia; Pick’s disease; Dementia with Lewy bodies (Fronto-Temporal); Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD); Huntington’s disease Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Dementia is a word for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease.