Moving & Assisting Nvq 3

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Unit 4222-232Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care (HSC 2028) 1.0 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioningindividuals 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals Bones and muscles are concerned with the movement of the body. The skeleton is a rigid framework that gives shape and support to the body and is jointed to permit movement. The vertebral column is the basis of the skeleton and consists of a series of bony rings united by inter-vertebral discs of cartilage. All bones give attachment to muscles, which are responsible for 50% of our body weight and also permit movement. Bones are moved at joints by contraction and relaxation of the muscles attached to them. The spine is the major supporting structure of the body. It is a flexible column made up of 24 true or moveable vertebrae, and 9 false or fixed vertebrae closely fused to form the sacrum and the coccyx with no movement ( except the coccyx which moves in relation to the sacrum) The individual vertebrae differ in shape and size, according to which area they are found in and the particular functions they perform. The vertebral column forms a stable but mobile axis for the rest of the body. It is made up of Bones Joints Discs Ligaments Muscles Tendons Blood vessels The bones provide strength and are honeycombed for lightness, and ligaments , tendons and muscles provide stability. The muscles are also a source of power and provide movement and support for the spinal column, maintaining the natural curves and controlling excessive bending. Muscles are the first line in defense in protecting other structures of the back. Joints are where two or more bones meet. They allow the rigid skeleton to move,

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