Mount Nimba Essay

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Mount Nimba is one of the World Heritage Site and a transboundary reserve located on the border between Guinea, and Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire. Mount Nimba was designated as a biosphere reserve and World Heritage Site in 1981. Mount Nimba is part of the ‘Guinean family rising 1,752 meters above sea level and part of a vast watershed with a great topographical diversity. The reserve was established in 1944, by decree in Guinea. The Mount Nimba range is in the far southeast of Guinea, on the border with Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia east of N'zérékoré in Guinea. The boundary follows the border between the three countries, excluding the Liberian part of the range from the World Heritage. The given area of 17,130 hectares included the Ivorian section, but excluded part of the ridge. Nature reserve in Guinea 9,560,nature reserve in Côte d'Ivoire 5,200 ha, while they continue to proposed nature reserve in Liberia. The Nimba Mountains have a topographical diversity, with valleys, rounded hilltops, rocky peaks, waterfalls since the whole area are being a vast water catchment and reservoir. The southern two-fifths of the mountain range are in Liberia. Due to the conservation of the quartzite underlying the range, the northernmost peaks of Mt. Sempéré contains high quality iron-ore bearing rock. The sharp relief of the mountains, with their grass-covered summits, precipitous slopes and flat open piedmont, is formed by a ridge of iron-quartzite emerging from softer metamorphic rocks. The crust over the glacis of the eastern and northern part of the piedmont gives poor soils, usually skeletal litho sols if present at all. These soil conditions explain the treeless grassy summits as well as the belt of savanna at 500-550 m around the mountains above which is over the forests take over. The Mount Nimba range is a 40 km-long narrow ridge running southwest to northeast, part of a Guinean

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