Morton Essay

306 WordsMay 7, 20132 Pages
ENGLISH: Figures of Speech Alliteration: The repetition of an initial consonant sound, as in "a peck of pickled peppers." Adjective: alliterative. Examples: • "You'll never put a better bit of butter on your knife." (advertising slogan for Country Life butter) • "Good men are gruff and grumpy, cranky, crabbed, and cross." (Clement Freud) • "A moist young moon hung above the mist of a neighboring meadow." (Vladimir Nabokov, Conclusive Evidence, 1951) Anaphora: A rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses. By building toward a climax, anaphora can create a strong emotional effect. Adjective: anaphoric. Compare with epiphora and epistrophe. We saw the bruised children of these fathers clump onto our school bus, we saw the abandoned children huddle in the pews at church, we saw the stunned and battered mothers begging for help at our doors." (Scott Russell Sanders, "Under the Influence," 1989) Antithesis The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases. Apostrophe Breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing, some abstract quality, an inanimate object, or a nonexistent character. Assonance Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words. Chiasmus A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed. Euphemism The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit. Hyperbole An extravagant statement; the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect. Irony The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. A statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea. Litotes A figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed

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