Morphemes Essay

647 WordsMay 4, 20123 Pages
Academic Paper Summary by:LearningLunatic Summary rating: 2 stars (19 Ratings) Visits : 3153 words:600 Summarize It Ads by Google for Special Ed Teachers Education Specialist (Ed.S.) Degree in Special Education - 100% Online! EducationDegreeSource.com/Free_Info English Grammar Checker Correct All Grammar Errors And Enhance Your English. Try Now! www.Grammarly.com/Grammar_Checker Free Downloadable Videos You Must Own The Most Viewed End-Time Bible Prophecy Videos Now www.WorldsLastChance.com The differences between derivational and inflectional morphology are somewhat ambiguous to explain in some languages. This is also what Bybee (1985: 81) stated in his book, “One of the most persistent undefinables in morphology is the distinction between derivational and inflectional morphology”. It is said so since both deal with morphemes that are usually affixes, either prefixes or suffixes. But in English the distinctions between them are quite recognizable. Derivational morphology changes the meaning of words by applying derivations. Derivation is the combination of a word stem with a morpheme, which forms a new word, which is often of a different class, for example, develop(V) becomes development(N), developmental(ADJ) or redevelop(V). Thus, derivational morphemes makes new words from old ones (Crystal, p. 90.) as with the suffix of –ion when it is added to the word of create(V) to form another completely separate word of creation(N). Another example, the suffix -ation converts the verb nationalize, into the derived noun nationalization. The suffix -ize converts the noun plural, into the verb pluralize. Nominalization is a common kind of derivation in English, and it involves forming new nouns from verbs or adjectives, by adding suffixes to them, for example: Suffix Verb/adjective Derived noun -ness happy (A) happiness -ee

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