Moral Development In The Breakfast Club

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In the movie The Breakfast Club, five seemingly different adolescents are assigned Saturday detention where they learn that although they each fit a particular stereotype, they all have the same characteristics, but they are expressed differently because they have different experiences, strengths and weaknesses that makes them who they are. In the movie, Bender is the “criminal”, Brian is the “brain” and Allison is the “psychopath.” These five high school students, Andrew, John, Allison, Brian, and Claire, meet in detention one day. The principal wants them to write an essay, and they think they are in for a boring 8 hours of doing nothing. At first, they argue and hate each other, but after smoking some marijuana, they pour their hearts out…show more content…
Kohlberg’s theory on moral development emancipated from Piaget’s early work on moral judgment of the child. Kohlberg used a dilemma to get through her theory and this dilemma was presented to young people who were interviewed on the same interview four times with an interval of 5 years. It was their responses to this dilemma that determined their level of moral maturity. The measuring rod for moral maturity was based on their reasoning about the dilemma and not necessarily their response to the dilemma. From this dilemma, Kohlberg came up with 3 levels, which yielded 6 stages in all. Level one was the preconventional level, which was more of obedience and reward in stage one and personal choice of right action to take in stages two. The second level was that of the conventional level. This level was more of the morality of interpersonal cooperation in stages 3 which highlights the stage in which one does something right in function of the other’s interest and that of the social order maintaining orientation in stages 4 in which one is bound by a social contract to put the interest of others above yours and that of the law if need arises. Level 3 which was the peak of Kohlberg’s moral maturity were made up of the social contract orientation in stages 5 wherein the individual sees the law as being flexible instruments for furthering human purposes and the universal ethical principle in stages 6 wherein people no longer talk about doing the right thing with regard to what they think is right to society, but what is right in the face of norms and ethics. In level 3 the individual moved beyond unquestioning support to their own societal rules and laws, to a well-defined morality in terms of abstract principles and values that stand same for all
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