Deontology is similar to utilitarianism but on a more broad spectrum. It focuses on society, in general, vice a small group of people. Set rules governing what is right and why it is right for everyone to follow sets the two apart. Unlike both the utilitarian or deontic traditions, portraying a good person and doing the right thing is more important than knowing about the rules or principles of ethical judgment (Bessant, 2009). Another
Similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics ETH316 Saloman Chavira, MBA . What I have come to realize by reading these chapters are that virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontology theories try to establish a moral standard that a virtuous person can live and act upon and by. With these types of approaches to ethics, you have similarities and differences that always will be judged and taken apart piece by piece and evaluated. Just one of the similarities between these theories are that they set a standard by which a good and moral human being can live by within a community or even as a loner or someone that lives outside of a community with family. It is said that virtue ethics measures a person by his or her character and moral standing within a community in determination of his or her good.
The author asked these four students the same set of five questions to determine if each one’s response would match the appropriate cognitive development stage established by Piaget. The results of the study proved that Piaget’s theory of cognitive development had some flaws as mentioned by Slavin (pg. 37). INTERVIEW PROJECT 3 Interview Project: Results from Interviewing Four Students from Pre-K to High School Interview #1 For the first part of the project, the author interviewed a four year old preschool student. The author asked the student five questions and recorded the student’s responses to each question.
The second level is conventional, where the highest value of society is upholding the rules. The last and final level is post-conventional. In this stage, individuals follow universal moral principles that may be more important than the rules of a particular country or group. Moral education is another topic that Kohlberg spent a great deal on. Virtues and vices are said to be the basis of moral behavior.
ETHICAL LENS INVENTORY Ethical lens Inventory is used as a way to identify what values are more important to us as an individual.The inventory allows us to see ethical issues clearly whenever we have ethical dilemma without clear option/choice and it also helps to learn how to resolve them better.People have different priorities and different values helps to respect each others point of views. There are four primary ethical perspectives. Two of them are to help us to determine using Rationality(critical thinking ) are: 1)Rights&Responsibility Lens:you use your rationality to how to live with universal rules. 2)Relationship Lens:Its about equality of community so that everybody gets treated fairly. The other two of the ethical lenses are using your Sensibility (Intuition) which means using your intuition and emotions for our behavior to be ethical are : 1)Results Lens:using your sensibility to decide your decisions which will make you happy and adds more happiness to your life.
I interviewed four children, a preschooler, a fourth grader, a 7th grader, and a 12th grader, and attempted to investigate how their responses from my open-ended questions reflected information relative to their age groups. The questions that I asked were “Why is Money Important?” “Why should we be healthy?”, What is your most important feeling?”, “What is your most important possession?”, and “How do you show respect to others?” For this portion, I interviewed a four-year old
Finally, what characteristics influence their friendships, and so these differ between children with and without developmental delays? An eight page survey was developed by the authors and passed out to about 100 preschoolers to give their mothers. The primary target for this study was for mothers of preschoolers between the ages of 3 and 6, from five classes in two public preschool programs in Illinois. The survey inquired about the child’s information and social networks as well as the mother’s help and strategies in friendships and family information. Participants were originally chosen based on the order the packets came back.
In his theory, the three parts of personality, i.e. id, ego and superego become integrated during the five stages i.e. oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital. For instance, between three and six years, the superego, or conscience, develops through interaction with parents, who insist that children conform to values of the society Freud (1923/1974) cited in (Berk, p16, 17). ) and it is during five stages in which they confront conflicts between biological drives and social expectations.
A child is usually with their parents for three to five years before they enter into the public schools. Those three to five years are crucial in a child’s life. Their parents have already molded and shaped many ideals and beliefs their child will subconsciously have forever. I agree with the reading in regards to the statement that, “social and cultural practices of a family are key considerations in the family literacy program.” I think that students learn best when it’s associated to prior knowledge. If an instructor or program allowed for students to learn based on the home’s cultural views, the child would more than likely understand the material better and also do better in school.
Ethical Egoism is the idea that each person ought to pursue their own self-interest exclusively. The main concept of chapter five is whether Ethical Egoism is a moral theory. Ethical Egoism does in fact contradict some of our deepest moral beliefs. So in regards to this topic the reading makes us consider the idea on whether we have an obligation to help others and what the actual reasons are that we do assist others. A conclusion can be derived from the reading on whether Ethical Egoism is truly a moral theory.