Dewey was a founder of the philosophical movement called pragmatism and a key theorist of the progressive movement in education. Like Froebel, Dewey believed that a child's daily experience is critical to his learning and that curriculum should relate to children's lives. According to PBS, "Unlike earlier models of teaching, which relied on authoritarianism and rote learning, progressive education
This approach was inspired by a group of preschools in the Reggio Emilia area of Italy. The main features of this approach are, Children need some control over their own play and learning with teachers acting as facilitators. Children need to learn from and enjoy being with other children. Children need a rich environment so that they can learn and express themselves in a number of ways. High/Scope.
My personal philosophy for learning and teaching in a multiage classroom blends not only my beliefs in learning but my beliefs in nurturing the whole child. When students are not dependent on their teacher to meet all their needs, they are empowered to take ownership of the classroom environment and to develop individual responsibility for the classroom community. The interplay between older and younger students in the same classroom can facilitate this development of self-directed behaviour as older students provide models for younger students. This is what takes place in a multiage classroom and I truly believe that this is what nurtures that whole child idea. I believe that children learn in different ways and have different interests, styles and paces which need to be celebrated.
Montessori suggests… “To aid life: this is the first and fundamental principle of education” (p. 16, The Formation of Man). "This is education, understood as a help to life; an education from birth, which feeds a peaceful revolution and unties all in a common aim, attracting them as to a single centre.” (p. 15-16, The Absorbent Mind). To that end, education as an aid to life should have a prepared environments that correlate to each plane or period of development that a child goes through. We should relook traditional educational methods and focus on II. Definition: The Four Planes of Development were used by Maria Montessori to describe the path of development that every child must pass through on his way to adulthood.
Dr. Maria Montessori is the creator of the Montessori Education Method for a new world. She devoted her life to improve children’s education. Her educational method is widely used in schools or at home for children in the age group of 3 to 6 years. She felt that through education, every child could reach his or her potential and become a logical thinker and learn things like tolerance, cooperation and communication. Thus, she reformed the education system by creating a whole new method of education for the new generation.
(McCombs 1992). This research essentially integrated science and education to explain theories that have been taking place for centuries. (APA 1997) As a results educators and school systems alike use the 14 learner-centered principles as basic framework for education. This has brought into light the emphasis on learning and how children can learn not necessarily easier, but better. The thought process behind developing all of this was to provide schools with a design for learning that was productive and positive for children and teachers alike.
My Educational Philosophy is to educate the whole child. So my Philosophy is that of an Idealist, and somewhat of a Realist. I believe each child is a unique individual who needs a safe, loving, and stimulating environment in which to grow and mature mentally, intellectually, spiritually, physically, and socially. (Metaphysics) It is my desire as an educator to inform, tutor, to educate occurrence, ideas, and generally awaken student’s creative expression, giving them all the knowledge and tools they need to learn. In order to accomplish this, I would have to act as a guide for each of them, allowing their natural inquisitiveness to direct his or her learning, giving the opportunity for achievement, the giving of challenging responsibility, along with the growth in stature and peer recognition should all be appropriate, worthwhile, offered sincerely and done in public, for example; the teacher’s individualized goals for the child, the child’s goals for him or herself, and the family’s goals for the child, which will then promote
September 1, 2009 Assignment #1 1. This question is difficult to answer because I feel that each contributor and theories are equally important in the field of early childhood education. My belief is that they are all parts of the whole in which should be considered for early childhood educators. Rousseau’s’ contribution that all children are naturally good is important because we must consider that behaviors are learned. It is the responsibility of the adult/caregiver to teach a child how to make good choices and encourage exploration of the world around them in which they may encounter the circumstances of their actions.
Teachers who truly value the family’s role in a child’s education, and recognize how much they can accomplish by working with families, can build a true partnership (Dodge, Colker, and Heroman, 2002, pg. 211). The curriculum is based around the theories of: Abraham Maslow (basic needs and learning), Jean Piaget (logical thinking and reasoning), Lev Vygotsky (social interaction and learning), Howard Gardner (multiple intelligences), and Sara Smilansky (play and learning). These theorist help mold the foundation for the curriculum that is used in many classrooms today. The Creative Curriculum enhances social/emotional, physical, cognitive, and language development.
Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky each developed theories of child development which can be used in an educational setting. Jean Piaget, a Swiss epistemologist, was the most prominent in the field of cognitive psychology in his time and the most important contributor to the constructivist education theory. His theory of cognitive development was based on the notion that cognitive abilities, one’s ability to think, are developed as individuals mature physiologically and have opportunities to interact with their environment. He describes interactions as the equilibration of accommodation and assimilation. According to Piaget, individuals are endowed with cognitive dispositions and capabilities.