Montessori and Froebel

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Montessori and Froebel are two of the most influential pioneers who developed their own educational method that influenced our early childhood program and setting as it is today, in both theoretically and practically. Both Dr. Maria Montessori and Friedrich Froebel believed in the importance of educating children in their early years. They thought that childhood is part of life on its own right. Montessori and Froebel based their educational method on where the learner is, as a result of careful observation. Froebel's philosophy of education rested on four basic ideas: free self expression, creativity, social participation, and motor expression. Montessori’s three guiding principles are creating, nurturing and educating. In their theory the curriculum and trained teachers are the necessities for successfully developing the children in a holistic way. Specific apparatus designed by both the Italian and German theorists and still highly valued educational equipment in today’s early childhood settings. Their vision of suitable furniture for centres catering for young children is followed as well. Both Froebel and Montessori influenced education all around the world and made a significant impact on mainstream education. Garden of Children Friedrich Froebel was born in 1782 in Oberweissbach. His mother died when he was only nine months old. Froebel said himself that this unfortunate event and his unhappy childhood influenced his whole life (Shapiro, 1983 as cited in Krogh & Slentz, 2001). Froebel experienced many different occupations. As one of his jobs, he was teaching in Anton Gruner's school at Frankfurt. It was a city where liberal ideas and reforms were welcomed. Froebel had found his passion in education and had a plan of a school. In 1808 he attended the training institute run by Pestalozzi at Yverdon. After two years of study Froebel left the

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