Montessori and Dewey

357 Words2 Pages
Many theorists have influenced our understanding of early childhood and the way humans learn and develop. Some theorists sought to awaken society to the discrepancies in traditional education. They strayed from the historical approach, which viewed children as empty vessels that are to be filled and shaped, and instead, advocated a more progressive approach, which demanded that society look at children as individuals, with their own strengths and drive to learn. Five of these theorists are Friedrich Froebel, John Dewey, Maria Montessori, Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson. Friedrich Froebel Friedrich Froebel, who lived from 1782 to 1852, was best known for his kindergarten system. He believed that humans are inherently creative beings and that play helps facilitate creative expression. As written on the website, Froebel Web, Froebel believed that "The kindergarten was to be an environment in which children could reach their full creative potential under the protective and interactive guidance of an adult." Froebel based his system around play materials, which he called "gifts" and activities, which he called "occupations." He believed that when play is engaged in a meaningful and developmentally appropriate way, play can be a powerful source of education. The teacher's role is to assist in the child's discovery. Froebel claimed that effective learning occurs via a child's regular interaction with the world. John Dewey John Dewey lived from 1859 to 1952. Dewey was a founder of the philosophical movement called pragmatism and a key theorist of the progressive movement in education. Like Froebel, Dewey believed that a child's daily experience is critical to his learning and that curriculum should relate to children's lives. According to PBS, "Unlike earlier models of teaching, which relied on authoritarianism and rote learning, progressive education
Open Document