Teachers who truly value the family’s role in a child’s education, and recognize how much they can accomplish by working with families, can build a true partnership (Dodge, Colker, and Heroman, 2002, pg. 211). The curriculum is based around the theories of: Abraham Maslow (basic needs and learning), Jean Piaget (logical thinking and reasoning), Lev Vygotsky (social interaction and learning), Howard Gardner (multiple intelligences), and Sara Smilansky (play and learning). These theorist help mold the foundation for the curriculum that is used in many classrooms today. The Creative Curriculum enhances social/emotional, physical, cognitive, and language development.
E6 – Describe the initiatives which influence the provision of challenging environments for children C1 – Evaluate how the two initiatives contribute to the provision of an enabling environment for the children Rudolf Steiner was an influential initiative for the provision of challenging environments for children. Steiner designed a curriculum that is responsive to the developmental phases of childhood and the nurturing of the child’s imagination in a school environment. Steiner thought that schools should cater to the needs of the child rather than the demands of the government or economic forces, so he developed schools that encourage creativity and free-thinking. His teaching seeks to recognise the individuality of the child and through a balanced education, allows them to go into the world with confidence. "The need for imagination, a sense of truth and a feeling of responsibility – these are the three forces which are the very nerve of education."
In the Reggio Emilia approach, children are seen as active and competent learners; and the use of pedagogical documentation reflects this view through exhibiting, analysing and reflecting on children’s learning (Patterson, 2005). Supporting Reggio Emilia’s image about the child, Patterson (2005) asserts that pedagogical documentation is a “powerful tool in advocating for children as complex, capable and resourceful learners” (p.307). So, what is ‘pedagogical documentation’? Many researchers define pedagogical documentation similarly to Alcock (2000), who describes it as “the essential lynchpin for recording and reflecting on past learning, from multiple perspectives, via multiple ‘languages’” (Alcock, 2000 p. 7). In other words, pedagogical documentation is about documenting the children’s learning processes as well as encouraging the thoughts, interpretations and reflections of children, teachers, families and the wider community (Moran, Desrochers & Cavicchi, 2007).
QUESTION 1. Compare and contrast any 2 early childhood development theories. 2. Explain how the theories help us support children in the learning environment PART ONE Early childhood development is defined as “a set of concepts, principles, and facts that explain, describe and account for the processes involved in change from immature to mature status and functioning” (Katz, 1996, p. 137)Early childhood is a profession and so we must be grounded in the theories of early childhood development. These theories are the foundation of the early childhood.
As a parent, Dewey allowed his children to play in the same room in which adults were socializing in which was very forward thinking for the time. Dewey was noted for his school of thought known as pragmatism, which favored a more natural approach to learning rather than a passive approach. One of Dewey’s most notable beliefs was that he felt education should be integrated with life and should provide a training ground for life. He has many notable quotes and I’ve included a few below: The self is not something ready-made, but something in continuous formation through choice of action. Give the pupils something to do, not something to learn; and the doing is of such a nature as to demand thinking; learning naturally results.
John Dewey’s Educational Theories in Use Today John Dewey (1859-1952), was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer. Dewey’s three theories on education were; education must engage; education must be an inspiration; education is an interaction and social life. According to Dewey, in My Pedagogic Creed (1897) he states “To prepare him for the future life means to give him command of himself.” Dewey was believed that the student must take a hands on approach to learning and make a connection to their life. By allowing the student to take that approach the student is allowed to make a connection in their life which will aid in the learning. In a time where you have various ways to gain the education and knowledge are we still using the foundational elements Dewey wrote about in My Pedagogic Creed (1897) and The Child and the Curriculum (1902)?
I feel that it is necessary to have activities set up for children through which they will learn about life and gain skills that will help them in life. I feel that the child-centered classroom environment is crucial to educating children in a wholistic way. Our text shows us that Dewey’s theory serves as a stepping stone for other education theorists that followed. The progressive education movement he developed is such a natural approach to learning in my opinion. I my self learn best by doing and imagine that it’s the best way for children to learn as
Unit 2 2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice today. Theories of development and frameworks to support development have influenced today's early year curriculum models and directly contributed to the good practice of childcare practitioners ,ensuring that children are seen as individuals and that each child's individual needs are met so that appropriate developmental opportunities are provided.These theorists have laid the foundations for current developmental theories and are still widely used today.Theories of development are important for childcare workers to understand as they form the basis of today's curriculum approaches and have highlighted good practice in teaching and learning strategies such as PPI's,(personal learning programmes),the use of observations,inclusive practice and the importance of key workers for children.All of these ensure that the children's individual needs are being observed ,planned for ,extended,recorded and met by the childcare practitioner and when needed with multi agency professionals.Without the work of yesterday's theorists,today's understanding of child development would not be as it is.Frameworks give us a guide that enables us to view and meet the needs of each child in our care.Theorists such as Abraham Maslown (1908-1970),Jean Piaget (1896-1980) and Freud (1856-1939)played a vital role in developing today's early years curriculum which sees each child holistically and as an individual whose needs may differ from another child's.It is thanks to them that our practice today is inclusive,diverse and child centred. Maslown is best known for his theory of self actualisation.Maslow lists a hierarchy of needs .He believed that our most basic requirements must be met before we can progress onto higher needs.Maslows hierarchy is a helpful approach
Effective management of discipline does not just happen; it requires consultation, planning, commitment, and constant review and evaluation. The focus of my study will be on the benefits of the implementation of the Assertive Discipline model in the elementary classroom. The Assertive Discipline model is a structured, systematic approach designed to assist educators in running an organized teacher-in-charge classroom environment. Based on the research I have reviewed, the foundational usage of assertive discipline can be utilized to promote desirable behavior management.. The instrument of the Assertive Discipline Model operates upon the premise that children can be controlled through the usage of body language, and the directions from the teacher with parental support (Canter 1992).
Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget (1896-1980) studied how children’s thought processes develop and has been very influential in our understanding of children’s cognitive development. He believed that interaction with peers was the most critical factor in children’s cognitive development. ‘He described children as ‘"little scientists," actively constructing their own theories about the world, testing these theories, and adjusting to new information’ (quote taken from Kendra's Psychology Blog at about.com: Psychology). He suggested mental plans - schemas (schemata) function as guides for action, as structure for interpreting information, as frameworks for solving problems. (For full explanation on schemas, conservation, assimilation and accommodation and explanations of terminology see appendix 2).