Montagnais Geography

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Montagnais-Naskapi Location The Innu are a people native to North America whose territory traditionally covered Quebec and Labrador. This territory is named Nitassinan in the Innu’s native language and is geographically defined by Quebec’s St. Maurice River in the east the St. Laurence River in the south. Their territory then stretched all the way to the Atlantic Ocean in the west, and finally north to the coastal regions of Labrador and the water drainages of James Bay. Within the Innu, there were three sub-divisions, separated by geographic means. The Montagnais, who lived along the St. Laurence River, the Naskapi, who settled east of the Montagnais in Labrador and finally the Attikamec on the upper St. Maurice River North of what would…show more content…
The wolverine put animals from all species in the world on a large boat. Soon after, a heavy rain flooded all the land in the world. Kuekuatsheu told the mink to dive down and bring up both mud and rocks, from which Kuekuatsheu fashioned an island (the world). The Innu religion is the belief that every object on earth; animals, rock, water and wind, have a spirit. It was believed that those who conducted their lives appropriately would become closer to the spirit world and would be more able to communicate with it as they grew older. Shamans used their powers to communicate with the spirit world to heal sick as well as find game through dream interpretation. Both men and women could become shaman and every hunting group included at least one to help bring success to the…show more content…
They lived in wigwams covered with caribou hide and birch bark. In winter months, the southern Innu hunted big game like moose. In spring they harpooned seals, and speared eels and salmon from rivers including the St. Lawrence. The Innu that lived farther north were caribou hunters for most of the year, using every part of the animal for clothes, food, and sacred rituals. In late spring, the Innu either moved down the coast or stayed inland to fish and hunt small game. Women hunted small game using snares, and also picked berries and other wild plants. The Innu commonly used homemade birch bark canoes in summer, and in winter they used sleds and snowshoes as a mode of transportation. The Innu were not a very warlike group, but sometimes fought with neighbouring tribes such as the Iroquois and the Inuit. Most often when they came across other Native American tribes, however, they traded to obtain agricultural goods such as corn and tobacco, since the Innu themselves were not a farming

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