The Monroe Doctrine, a policy of the United States introduced on December 2, 1823, expressed the idea, among other important foreign policy objectives, that new countries should be allowed to develop without interference from stronger nations. It stated that future efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression (USDS Basic Readings). Some of the major events that caused President James Monroe and his secretary of state, John Quincy Adams to develop this Doctrine concerned South American countries and their newly achieved independence. „The end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 marked the breakup of the Spanish empire in the New World. Between 1815 and 1822 Jose de San Martin led Argentina to independence, while Bernardo O'Higgins in Chile and Simon Bolivar in Venezuela guided their countries out of colonialism.
The proclamation acknowledged Indian land titles in all places west of the line, until tribal administrations agreed to surrender their territories to Britain through accords. This proclamation, while addressing Indians’ worries, irritated the colonies by subordinating their western apprehensions to regal authority and, they dreaded, by obstructing expansion. 2. Sugar Act Succeeding the proclamation of 1763, British Parliament passed the Sugar Act in 1764. The act was established to raise income to help pay for the protection of North America; it ended the exclusion of colonial commerce from revenue-raising processes.
The USA played a big role in Cuba’s economy after 1875. From the time of the 1898 Spanish-American war until 1959, the U.S. also played an important political role in Cuba's internal and foreign policies. During 1898 the USA declared war on Spain. In 1898 the USA manages to defete Spain which gives up all claimes to cuba and surrenders it to the US. In 1902 Cuba becomes independent with Tomas Estrada Palma but the Platt Amendment keeps the island under US protection and gives the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs.
Their greed for more land, Polk as their president and the Americans interest in the expansion of slavery, were all factors on this ongoing controversial disagreement still rampant today. (Background Essay) In the late 1840s, James K. Polk was elected president. He was a strong supporter of Manifest Destiny believing it was God’s plan to extend American territory all the way to the Pacific Ocean. Polk wanted to annex Texas and California; therefore he sent General Taylor and John Slidell into the disputed area, to try to buy California. The boundary between Mexico and Texas was undecided, however Mexico said it was the Nueces River and the U.S said it was Rio Grande.
During the time of the European scramble for Africa, European countries fought to control the natural resources and colonize Africa. In response to the imperialism of Europeans African actions and reactions involve, diplomatic methods nonviolent and violent resistant. Documents 1, 2, 3 reveal evidence of how some African countries that was oppose to the imperialism of the Europeans deal with it by using diplomatic methods. The Royal Niger company document gives an example of how the British were willing to develop a diplomatic relationship with the chiefs of the African countries. It shows how the Royal Niger Company agrees on paying for the land and to respect native laws (doc 1).
After reading the Texas Declaration of Independence and the rebuttal to it, I feel that Texas has presented the more convincing arguments. Texas provides a variety of supportive arguments on why they want to become independent from Mexico. Texas gives many examples of different ways Mexico is trying to take over their land. Texas refers to themselves as “an instrument in the hands of evil rulers.” (117) Texas and Mexico both sworn to support the federal republican constitution of their country, but it no longer had a important existence, due to the Mexican nation forcibly changing the whole nature of their government without giving Texas any consent. Texas argues that the Mexican General Santa Anna made late changes in the government and overturned the constitution that both states originally had agreed upon.
The conflict was described by Senator Redfield Proctor of Vermont as bloody and brutal. American President Grover Cleveland and his successor William McKinley opposed the intervention but a series of events would push USA over the edge. The Sinking of the Maine - As tensions had increased the United States had sent its fleet to Cuba to protect American economic interests. On April 20, President McKinley approved a congressional resolution that called for immediate Spanish withdrawal from Cuba, and on April 24 war was declared by the Spanish government. On April 25 the U.S. Congress declared that hostilities had officially begun on April 21.
BREAKING THE SPANISH MONOPOLY IN THE CARIBBEAN SPAIN’S CLAIM TO CONTROL THE CARIBBEAN At the beginning of the 16th Century, Spain and Portugal led Europe in exploration. With regard to the Caribbean, after the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, Spain adopted a policy of mare clausum (sea closed to others). All foreign ships were banned from the entire Caribbean and from trade with the Spanish colonies. The Spanish had not settled in nearly all the Lesser Antilles, the Bahamas and the Guianas, and in these areas the Spanish monopoly began to be challenged. NATIONALISM AND RELIGION IN EUROPE Before 1517, all of Europe acknowledged the authority of the Pope, and allowed the Papacy to act as an international court.
Jefferson and Hamilton also fought while making the national bank in 1791. Thomas Jefferson believed that a literal interpretation of the Constitution should be followed, and therefore, a federal bank was unconstitutional, while Hamilton used the ‘elastic’ clause (then called the “necessary and proper” clause) to argue it is alright to start. Because of this argument, people were surprised that when Jefferson took office, he followed Hamilton’s loose interpretation of the Constitution and hardly changed any plans, only the 8% whiskey excise tax was removed. Thomas Jefferson then also followed an ‘elastic’ interpretation of the Constitution when purchasing Louisiana from France (Doc. C).
Battle of San Jacinto The battle of San Jacinto was a major turning point in Texas history because Santa Anna’s defeat ended the Texas Revolution, Texas gained its independence form Mexico, and it later led to the annexation of Texas to the United States. In early 1835, Mexican president Santa Anna began centralizing power and operating as a dictatorship that is why Texas wanted to gain its independence from Mexico because Texas wanted more freedom, they wanted to be there own state that is why Texans had to defeat Santa Anna in order to become and independent state and to have freedom. That is how the Texas Revolution began Texas did not want to be under the control of a dictator that is why many battles were fought during the Texas Revolution which led to the last battle of the Texas Revolution which was known as the Battle of San Jacinto. Since the Battle of San Jacinto was the last battle the only remaining Texan troops were retreating with Sam Houston, then after learning that Santa Anna had divided his forces Houston got and idea. He thought it was the right time to attack and defeat Santa Anna because the Mexican troops did not expect it.