Monitor Model Essay

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Monitor Theory This theory was proposed by Stephen Krashen (1978), his studies were based on Chomsky’s proposals of LAD (language acquisition device) used for children’s innate knowledge of language. Krashen’s Monitor Theory revolves around the idea that learning is not the process by which most L2 knowledge develops (it serves only to allow learners to monitor their output for accuracy. Instead, he argued, the key to successful additional language learning is how the mind unconsciously extracts grammatical regularities from comprehensible input Krashen (cited Hall, Smith, & Wicaksono, 2011). Krashen established five hypotheses for describe this theory. 1. Acquisition-Language Hypothesis. Krashen claimed two different distinctions between acquisition and learning; this generated a lot of controversy in the academic community:  Learning cannot turn into acquisition,  That it is only acquired language that is available for natural, fluent communication. Krashen remarked that, acquisition is subconscious and involves the LAD, understanding L2 in much the same way that children pick up L1, as we are exposed to it. We learn on the other hand through conscious attention to form and rule learning as it happens in many classroom contexts. McLaughlin (1987) pointed out that it would be almost impossible to know which system if acquisition or learning, is at work in any instance of language use. 2. The Monitor Hypothesis. Krashen has suggested that the formal study of language leads to the development of an internal grammar editor or monitor, for purposes of editing or making changes to ensure correct usage in what has already been produced. So that a student can use the monitor, three conditions are necessary: 1. The speaker or writer has enough time. 2. Plenty knowledge of the rules. 3. To be concern about grammatical form.
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