Mongol Rule C&C

361 Words2 Pages
The Mongols ruled China from a period in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and controlled Russia from the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries. While the Mongols had similar political and economic effects in China and Russia, they were more heavy-handed while controlling China than they were controlling Russia. The Mongols’ influence in China and Russia included many political effects, including changes in power, destroying cities and forms of government rule, replacing them with new governing systems. In China, the Khans became more powerful, while in Russia, the Czars emerged as the dominant rulers. Also in Russia, the Mongols formed an alliance with the Orthodox Church, consequently giving more political power to the church. In both China and Russia, the Mongols created a political structure that unified the people (if only temporarily). As well as political changes, the Mongol rule brought economic benefits to China and Russia equally. In China, the Mongol reign included the dominance of the Silk Road. This created peace on the road, and greater benefits for those in China. This also allowed Russia safe access to trade routes, stabilizing their rough economy. Furthermore, the increased wealth allowed for greater taxation of both China and Russia, conducted by the Mongol leaders. Pursuing this further, the Mongols additionally established a mail system which contributed to the spread of wealth and also some diseases. On the contrary, Mongol rule was carried out completely differently in China and Russia. In China, the reign of the Mongols united the region as one nation, while it split up Russia, forcing them to become more agricultural. Additionally, China was ruled directly and heavy-handedly by the Mongols, while Russia was allowed some self-ruling. However, Russia was under the influence of Mongol rule for approximately a century greater than that of
Open Document