Though the Mongolian expansion led to devastation in both Russia and China, Mongol rule had positive long-term effects on both civilizations that eventually supported their rise as political and economic powers in the 15th and 16th centuries. Under Mongol rule, the economies of both civilizations grew; however, they expanded for different reasons. Chinaâs economy flourished after the re-opening of the Silk Roads, while many of Russiaâs princes became wealthy because of their ability to manipulate their roles as tribute collectors. Politically, China and Russia were influenced in different manners. As a result of Mongol contact, China became unified whereas the trace amount of Russian unity disintegrated.
The irrigation systems were also repaired. Repairing the irrigation system allowed more crops to grow, which meant since there was an abundance in crops , there would be an abundance of the income of the products sold. Similarly in China, the Mongols also helped their economy. Taxes were lowered in China which meant that if people paid less taxes they had more money, wealth and crops for themselves basically. Peasant agriculture was supported as well.
During the Sui dynasty, the Grand Canal was built and it was a waterway that connected Northern china to Southern China. The Chinese had already had local trade amongst societies, but maritime trade had boosted their economy because they had quicker access to more trade. Advancements in technology also
Change Over Time Essay During the time period of 300-1300 CE, the Sui, Tang, Song, and Yuan empires had all come to power in China. All of which contributed to the changes and continuities that occurred in China during that time period. The Sui Empire (581-618 C.E.) of China was very important because it sprang from the political diversity of the period of disunion. After the fall of the Han Empire there was a vacuum of political instability.
Their control over major cities and thus access to more weapons therefore lead to the Communist victory in the Civil War. Their geographical position also meant that the red army could communicate and coordinate effectively. Cities like Moscow and Petrograd also included most of Russia's railway network. The control over the railway network was a major advantage to the Bolsheviks as it meant that they could quickly and efficiently transport troops to where they were needed and could distribute munitions to the fronts (the troops had more access to weapons). It also meant that the Bolsheviks were able to conduct a defense of their central position and initiate any opposing attack.
This was instrumental in gathering support. Sneevliet and Borodin essentially organised both parties, the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party, however the Kuomintang had significantly a much higher membership than the Chinese Communist Party did. Moreover, The Soviet Union’s cadre also helped form the ideas of the Chinese Communist Party’s leadership and were therefore, also instrumental at its formation. The Soviet Union gave back concessions to China however, this only furthered the cause of Communism than any propaganda. The Chinese people could relate to the anti-Empire element of communism which attracted more Chinese people to support the Soviet Union and allow them to help aid the country to defeat the warlords in China and the Soviet Union be-giving the government in league with the warlords.
This shows that Alexander was ready to liberate Russia because even though it was risky, it helped to start the liberalisation process because it enabled ex-serfs to work in factories which would help boost the economy, let the gentry to earn their own money and would help advances in industry which in turn help Russia to compete with the western world. However the aftermath of this manifesto was a lot more negative than first appears. Although Alexander helped to abolish Serfdom there were a lot of negatives
‘How far do you agree that the Bolsheviks won the civil war because they controlled more people and had access to more weapons?’ Despite the diverse forces massed against the red army, the experience of the white leaders and the precarious position of Lenin, the communists still managed to gain victory in the Civil War of 1918-1921. The fact that the Bolsheviks had control of the heartland and therefore factories and supplies was an advantage to them. But on the other hand there were other factors such as good leadership, weak opposition and terror that helped just as much. I believe that the Bolsheviks controlling more people and having access to more weapons was a key factor in them winning the war. They controlled the industrial heart of Russia, which included Petrograd and Moscow, this also meant they had control of all the factories, and the railway lines.
As a result, books became less expensive, more people could afford them, more people learned to read and write, and helped to spread knowledge throughout China. The Mongols: They conquered all of China within 20 years. They didn’t let the old Chinese ruling class in government and kept their own language and customs. Kublai Khan, the Mongol’s leader used to welcome visitors from all over the world , one of them was Marco Polo who wrote about what he saw in Khan’s court, which caused trade between Europe and China to grow. Mongol rule in China came to an and when Chinese peasants led an uprising against the
Were the Mongols really barbaric? The Mongols conquered a large amount of land within the time of power. They were also very structured and civilized in running their empire. During the early thirteenth century, throughout Eurasia, the Mongols proved not to be barbaric through cultural and social aspects, although their way of conquering was exceedingly brutal. Assuming that someone was to just look at the way Mongols ran things socially, they would probably believe that they are more non-barbaric than barbaric.