Momentum in Sports

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Momentum in sports is a game-changing factor. It can make an underdog beat the powerhouse team, or with two evenly matched teams meet momentum will usually be the deciding factor. According to the journal of sports psychology momentum is defined as a positive or negative change in cognition, physiology, affect, and behavior caused by precipitating event or series of events that result in a shift in performance (Taylor & Demick, 2008). Perfect examples of momentum shifts are in football, going back to Monday night football a few nights a go when the dolphins played the saints. At the opening of the game the saints had all the momentum due to the fact that they were playing at home and it was a nationally televised game (Beasliy , 2013). They scored a touchdown on their opening drive, they drove the ball right down the field with what felt like no problem at all (Beasliy , 2013). Then on the next possession the dolphins went right down the field and scored. After a stiff defensive possession by the dolphins they again scored and everyone felt the shift in momentum in favor of Miami. Unfortunately however, the saints scored on the next drive and on the last drive before half time they forced a turnover deep in their own red zone, marched down the field and scored on a big play right before halftime. Everyone in the stadium and on TV felt the momentum and the saints never looked back from there and ended up blowing the dolphins out (Beasliy , 2013). Vallerand et al.Vallerand suggested psychological momentum involved enhanced psychological power that could influence performance and is bi-directional (Crust & Nesti 2006). Meaning that when one team loses momentum the opposite team gains momentum. There are three main concepts of momentum shifts in sports the first is the Antecedent-Consequences Model of Psychological Momentum in Sports (Crust & Nesti). This

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