Modernization in Africa, Asia, and Latin America

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Noemi Hernandez Professor Vargas History 104 December 1, 2013 Modernization Cyrus Veesers idea in Great Leaps Forward: Modernization in Africa, Asia, and Latin America is to simply explain how less-developed nations across the planet tried to catch up to “the Wests” rise to power. “The West” is referring to the world’s major military-industrial powers, including Britain, France from 1800 on and later being joined by Germany and the United States in 1850. The main goal of this book is not to explain how the West rose to power but rather how the less developed parts of the world such as China, Mexico, Ethiopia, and Turkey, understood and responded to this new power. Portfolio Diaz is the most famous modernizer in Latin America’s history, he ruled from 1876 to 1911. After having to prove himself to fight his way into power, the first order of business he focused on was bringing order to his country because after many years of war the nation was in a delicate state. He used two thirds of the country’s budget for law enforcement and an army because there could be no progress without peace. For Diaz what was important for him was economic development not political freedom. Diaz’s main focus while ruling was railroads, exports, and keeping the peace. Diaz planned new project to modernize Mexico and since transportation was one of the big obstacles that Mexico faced to become modernized these plans included “railroads, ports, bridges; telegraphs, telephone, and electrical system; lead smelters. Iron foundries and textile mills” but all these plans didn’t come through due to the lack of wealth and technical skill in their country. Due to their lack of skills and money, the United States played a major role in helping push Mexico towards their goal by investing in their countries plans for mines, plantations, railroads, and
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