Modernity in Europe from 1900-1940

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Karl Marx’s definition of modernity explained Europe from in the early 1900’s to late 1940’s. Marx explains modernity as constant change and nothing staying the same. Hence: “Everything that is solid melts into air; everything is profaned’. Nothing stays the same forever. Modernity is rapid change no one can control. Philosophers and scientists said that nothing can ever stay the same. Freud states that humans have a desire but the conscience is fighting the desire, and ego comes out. Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity explains that time, distance, and speed are not absolute quantities but relative meaning what seems absolute is actually relative. Nietzsche theorizes that there is no absolute law or absolute rationality but more mass culture (being smart and learning to get control by “acting dumb” to get your way and get power). These theorists explained the definition of modernity. Europe lived these definitions during the time 1900- 1940 where life is at constantly change. Before 1900, Europe everything was about perception with everything in having a set place. The increase of technology led to rapid change especially in transportation and mass culture and reality of life. From 1900 to around 1940, all of Europe experienced changes from one end of the spectrum to the other end in all areas of life including politically, socially, and economically and culturally proving that Marx’s definition of modernity to be true. Because of modernity, changes are constantly happening in Europe. There is this drive for a balance of power in the early 1900’s politically. Like Social Darwinism, the country with the greatest power, is the best-all-most-powerful. This quench was specifically seen between the French, English, and Germany. In Germany and the smaller countries such as Austria-Hungary, there was this fight for nationalism; a fight for an identity of its own
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