Modernists in Literature, Poetry and Dance and How They Represented the Modern Ideals Founded by the Philosophies of Freud, Nietzsche and Bergson. Essay

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Modernists in literature, poetry and dance and how they represented the modern ideals founded by the philosophies of Freud, Nietzsche and Bergson. This essay will look at various Modernists and what impact they had on the development of Modernism in their particular fields. These artists and critical thinkers reacted against the Enlightenment thinking, turning away from traditional beliefs, as well as the idea of a compassionate, all-powerful God. "God is dead," said Frederich Nietzche (1844-1900). This radical declaration upset the traditional connection between politics, religion and art. Classical art forms, which historically strengthened the values of patrons from the religious and aristocratic hierarchy, were perceived as poor expressions for the expanding Modernist culture. ‘This generation of artists and people had lost faith in the power of the sacred’ (Hollingdale 1999). Artists turned elsewhere for inspiration. Modernism was a reaction to the infiltration of the machine age. It celebrated the progress of mechanism while indulging in a romantic nostalgia for agrarianism. It defines a period of change within the world that took place between the end of the nineteenth century and throughout the twentieth century. With modernism came a goal and ‘a vision of how the designed world could transform human consciousness and improve material conditions’. (Greenhalgh, 1990). From this we can see that the Modernist movement was a reaction to industrialisation, urbanisation and new technologies. The term ‘Modernism’ covers a number of related, and overlapping, artistic and literary movements, including Imagism, Surrealism, Futurism, Symbolism, Vorticism, Cubism, Expressionism and Dada. All of these movements will have been affected by the philosophies of Sigmund Freud. ‘Freud’s impact on modernism stemmed from his concept of the subconscious dimension

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